cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngSome Thoughts on the Political Situation in Sri Lanka


Commentary by M. Thangavel, United Lankan Workers Party (Sri Lankan Section of the RCIT), 18 June 2018,




When we look at the current situation in Sri Lanka and worldwide, I must say it is not possible to forget to talk about imperialism. Many countries, respectively the governments of these countries deny talking honestly about imperialism as such. It is very correct to say that all countries campaign according to the agenda of imperialists which means that some rule but most countries obey, including Sri Lanka. Certain countries in the world today which are darlings of the imperialists have also experiments with very destructive and refined missiles (like the imperialists do). It could be a rehearsal for the next world war. What the world and the mankind needs is not destructive missiles but peaceful unity. The destructive situations in the present world are developing in a tempo which is as high as never before. We, the poor people will have to face its destructive impact and we need to be the ones to beat it from different angles.


Imperialism and the NPOs


Everybody who was born on this earth should have the right to enjoy human rights, freedom and a peaceful life. But the proletariat and the oppressed find this credo confined only to words. It is a normal situation for people in “underdeveloped” (semi-colonial) countries to face lifethreatening situations, oppression and exploitation by imperialism very seriously. This is not a surprise. We live in a class society. We live in the last epoch, the most destructive and wardriven epoch of capitalism. Semi-colonial countries which want to act in favour of imperialist forces have to act according to capitalism and the agenda of imperialist nationally and internationally. So far the capitalist puppet leaders like the bourgeois politicians in Sri Lanka have failed to provide regular and adequate solutions to issues faced by the working class and proletariat socially, economically and politically because their sole aim is exploitation and they have no other alternative.


Non-Profit Organisations, including the petty-bourgeois ones, critisize that no decisive steps have been taken by the so-called leaders in Sri Lanka and in other countries relevant for Sri Lanka to solve the countries problems like corruption, exploitation and racial war. However, the truth is that these organizations do not take side with us, the exploited and oppressed people but rather obey under the rule of imperialist logic. The critisize a system which is supported by them and which is also profitable for them. Money raised by NPOs for Sri Lanka is mainly concentrated in the hands of the NPOs and only very few percent of the funds will reach us poor people in Sri Lanka.


In addition even those petty-bourgeois politicians and political activists who honestly want to help the oppressed people, who travel to semi-colonial countries in order to help have a wrong understanding and with this a wrong method how to help. They ignore the necessity to kill the beast, to smash imperialism as such. They ignore the necessity to organize the armed uprising by the workers and oppressed. Instead of helping the poor in Sri Lanka and other semi-colonial countries they are confusing them. It is equal for a blind person who wants to direct another blind.


However, they know about things such as world bank loans upon the blessings of imperialists, the rulers of world economy which made our country bankrupt. And it is hard to understand what the political leaders of Sri Lanka and the NPOs are trying to improve by having tours to Japan, China, Taiwan and Canada asking them to end the oppression over and over again. By today Sri Lanka has become the best “customer country”, one of the best countries to deal with imperialists which means one of the best countries to be economically exploited by imperialists. The consequence of this “success” of being such a great “customer country” means: Rocket-like rising prices of commodities, massive unemployment, weak educational system, salary anomalies respectively very small salaries, large gap between rich and poor and other things which affect mainly the workers and oppressed.


The money rules. One simple example for this is that in order to provide further education to a rural child who studies in a rural school in Sri Lanka, all the equipment such as desks, chairs should be provided to the school for free. However, the equipment costs money and will not be payed by the state. Maybe some NPOs will try to collect money to help the child, maybe not. In the end there will not be a school which can be visited by the child. The rural child will stay uneducated although officially Sri Lanka offers free education.


Racism and National Oppression


Furthermore, the racial issue respectively the national issue is a big thing in Sri Lanka. Oppressed minorities like the Tamil people have no fundamental rights, not even the right to use their mother tongue. It takes only few seconds to understand the consequences of national and racial oppression. The political leaders who came into power in this country since the 1950s, all of them failed to provide a reasonable response to the Tamil people but rather opened the road to a brutal oppression of the Tamil people.


A good example to show how widespread general racism is in Sri Lanka, we just need to remember that recently 17 schools, 141 houses and 113 business places in one small town and additional 62 houses, 91 business places as well as vans and cars in another small town have been affected by racist attacks. Lorries, three wheelers and motor cycles have completely been burnt in a terrorist attack directed against Muslim people. This attack was done by a group of racists in Kandy area in March 2018. More than 300 families have been made homeless by the wave of anti-Muslim riots in Sri Lanka this year.


The racist activists have links to the government. Three members of parliament have connections with the racist lootings in Kandy Area. This was even reported in the media. However the media raised its voice to protect, not to attack the capitalist party leaders who were involved in the racist lootings.


We see it as our utmost duty to organize the workers, the poor, the Tamil people and the Muslim people like all other oppressed. If democracy would be a real thing, all of us would live in peaceful unity. However, the capitalist class society knows only democracy for the rich, for the imperialists and their lackeys. We fight not only against the capitalist governments but also against those opportunist leaders of the labour movement, the so-called left who are open towards racism and national oppression, who ignore the demands and needs of the Tamil people, the Muslism people and all other oppressed. The class struggle from the workers and oppressed against the capitalist rulers, against imperialism, the fight for socialism will let these “left” fall from their hot plate directly into the fire.


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cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngIsrael as a Colonial Entity


By Yossi Schwartz, Internationalist Socialist League (RCIT Section in Israel / Occupied Palestine), 26.06.2018,




By June 18, 132 unarmed Palestinians have been murdered in cold blood and 13,000 injured by the Israeli army in Gaza, since March 30, according to AFP. This type of pathological murderous behavior isn’t out of character for regimes which represent a colonialist social strata. Examples are too numerous to count, however, two especially vicious ones come to mind – the Sharpeville Massacre committed by the South African Apartheid regime resulting in 69 Africans dead and 186 wounded, most of whom shot in the back, and the 1919 Amritsar Massacre carried out by the British army in India killing 379 Indians.




Bizarre Israeli Propaganda




Such criminal acts of violence show clear signs of a broad political strategy in action. After all, Israel’s use of lethal force is being carried out with no imminent threat to life. Nonetheless, according to Israeli propaganda: “Israel has acted in self defense protecting their border against terrorist“, “Hamas is using the civilian population as a human shield.


In reality, Palestinians are being murdered because they march toward the fence surrounding Gaza, the largest Ghetto in the world, demanding their right to return to their lands and homes stolen by Israel. To claim as Israel does, that the fence is the international border amounts to the claim’ that Gaza is a state. Was the Warsaw Ghetto a state? Were the so called independent states (The Bantu states) during the apartheid regime, states or reservations? Are the Native American reserves states?


Yet with noble hearts which defy all reason, these refugees clearly express their willingness to live alongside Israeli colonists, in spite of past and present Zionist crimes against the Palestinians as a nation and humanity as a whole. This, however, is the last thing the Zionists, across the political spectrum, will agree to after this long history of forced removal of the Palestinians from their lands, aimed at maintaining an ever-expanding Zionist State with a Jewish majority.


The extent of the lies Israel is willing to tell the international community, as well as itself, seems to know no limits. To justify the killing of the 21-year-old paramedic Razan al-Najjar (as well as others) by an IDF sniper, on June 1, while trying to save the lives of injured people, the Israeli army released an edited video of her discarding a smoke/gas canister into an empty field (and in a unedited version – away from people lying on the ground)[1], with a caption along the lines of “is this the angel in white you are talking about”?


The Israeli video – named “Hamas’ use of human shields must stop” shows part of an interview Najjar gave to Lebanese al Mayeen TV, in which she said she was acting as a “human shield”. “Razan al-Najjar is not the angel of mercy that Hamas propaganda attempts to portray,” the IDF’s Arabic language spokesperson Avichay Edraee wrote on Twitter. “Her admission that she is a ‘human shield’ for the inciting rioters proves how Hamas uses the entire Gaza population as ammunition for its aims and for Iran’s aims. Do medical personnel around the world throw bombs and participate in disturbances and call themselves human shields?“ [2]


In the full clip, however, the young woman goes on to say, she was present at the protests to “save the wounded at the front lines”. She does not mention Hamas at all.


According to Israeli propaganda: “The Palestinians left their homes in 1947-48 for a variety of reasons. Thousands of wealthy Arabs left in anticipation of a war, thousands more responded to Arab leaders’ calls to get out of the way of the advancing armies, a handful were expelled, but most simply fled to avoid being caught in the crossfire of a battle. Had the Arabs accepted the 1947 UN resolution, not a single Palestinian would have become a refugee and an independent Arab state would now exist beside Israel.” [3]


Back here on earth, where reality takes place, Palestinian refugees are the indigenous people of Palestine, the majority of whom were dispossessed, were forced to run away; following 34 massacres according to the Zionist historian Benny Morris, or were expelled when the state of Israel was created in 1948. This dispossession and expulsion has continued during the 1967 war which resulted in the occupation of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.


There are three main groups of Palestinian refugees: those who were displaced in 1948, internally displaced Palestinians who remained within the areas that became the state of Israel, and Palestinian refugees displaced in 1967 from the West Bank and Gaza Strip.


Following these crimes, Israel has denied the Palestinian refugees their right to return to their towns, villages and homes. It used live bullets already in the 1950s and killed any refugee that tried to return.


Israel has sought since 1947-48 to create a state with a Jewish majority in all of Palestine, a region that already had an Arab indigenous population, with a history stretching back more than 1300 years.


From the very beginning of the Zionist movement, its motto has been: “A land without a people for a people without a land.” It was a Zionist myth that Palestine was waiting to be populated by the Jews expelled by the Romans 2000 years ago.


The Zionist movement shares many similarities with the white settlers who killed and stole the lands from the native nations, as well as the Boers who killed and stole the lands from the Africa’s native nations.




Bloody Tradition of Zionist Colonialism




While the behavior of Zionist governments bears striking resemblance to the one of other colonial governments across the political spectrum, their ideology, ethos and mythology is almost identical to those colonialist political factions which used social-darwinist, racialist and pseudo-scientific notions to justify any and all atrocities they have or were about to commit. It should be noted that the rival colonialist faction, which appropriated ideas regarding the “march of progress” and the “white man’s burden”, can also finds some of its echoes in today’s Zionist propaganda, presenting Israel as a civilized, progressive, technological powerhouse for all nations to revel in and enjoy.


Zionists believe without a shred of a doubt that they are blood-related to the ancient Jews who resided in the “Land of Israel”, and that this blood-relation somehow should be transformed into a political right to rule over this land. Italian fascists claimed that the Italian nation is blood-related to the ancient Romans and that this blood-relation somehow should be transformed into a political right to rule over the lands once ruled by the Roman Empire. The same goes for German Nazis, who claimed to be direct descendants of the “1st Reich”, i.e. the Holy Roman Empire, as well as the South African Boers who claimed blood-relation to the biblical Children of Israel, settling in the Promised Land, fleeing Pharaoh’s army (the British one, that is).


In the war of 1948, Israeli forces killed an estimated 13,000 Palestinians and forcibly evicted 737,166 Palestinians from their homes and land. 531 Palestinian villages were entirely depopulated and destroyed. The weapons for this campaign of ethnic cleansing was provided by the Soviet Stalinists who falsely claimed to be Marxist. Authentic Marxists, on the other hand, support only the right of oppressed people for self determination, not for settler colonialists.


The UN November 1947 partition plan was an imperialist plan in favor of the Zionist colonialist settlers. It was clear to any thinking person that this plan would lead to the Palestinian ethnic cleansing. According to this plan the 650,000 Zionist colonists would get 55% of Palestine while they held only around 5% of the lands while the 1.2 million Palestinians would get only 45%. Not only this but almost 50% of the population allocated to the Zionist state was Arab. In order to create a Jewish majority race-state the Zionists would have had to remove most Palestinians.


The UNSCOP (responsible for the decision) acknowledged the problem, and it expected, using its language, that the proportion of Arabs would decline because of Jewish immigration and also through “population movements” resulting from citizenship changes.


Thus, the UN resolution was a proven recipe for the mass expulsion of the Palestinians. This was a known fact to the UNSCOP as the previous plan to divide the country into two states – The Peel Plan from 1937 – called for the removal of 250,000 Arabs from the Jewish state.


It was Lenin who labeled the UN’s predecessor organization, the League of Nations, “the den of thieves”, since, already from its inception he knew something that some Palestinian leaders chose to ignore over the years, desperately appealing to its moral conscience for salvation. The UN has never tried to force Israel to allow the refugees to return in spite of the famous 194 resolution that called for it.


The UN resolution 194 from 11 December 1948 which provided 9n Article 11 states:


“Resolves that the refugees wishing to return to their homes and live at peace with their neighbours should be permitted to do so at the earliest practicable date, and that compensation should be paid for the property of those choosing not to return and for loss of or damage to property which, under principles of international law or in equity, should be made good by the Governments or authorities responsible.”




The Hypocrisy of the United Nations




According to the imperialist International Law, the use of force outside of active armed conflict is governed by international human rights standards, set out in the UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials. These standards, which apply to the Gaza demonstrations, prohibit shooting live ammunition except to prevent “the imminent threat of death or serious injury” or “the perpetration of a particularly serious crime involving grave threat to life,” and “only when less extreme means are insufficient to achieve these objectives.” [4]


UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has warned that the “most serious escalation” of violence in the Gaza Strip places the besieged enclave on the “brink of war“, urging Israel and Hamas to recommit to the 2014 ceasefire. The UN chief said in a report obtained by news agencies that he is “shocked” by Israel’s use of live fire since border protests began in Gaza on March 30. Guterres said that the Israeli army has “a responsibility to exercise maximum restraint“, except as a last resort.


The report was sent to the council last week in advance of a meeting on Tuesday over the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. “The killing of children, as well as of clearly identified journalists and medical staffers by security forces during a demonstration are particularly unacceptable,” Guterres said. He also said that the solution is the two state solution. [5]


This is nothing short of sheer hypocrisy, Israel is the only one who is doing the killing. No Israeli soldier or civilian was killed by Hamas since March 30. The people of Gaza were unarmed. To put Hamas and Israel on the same plain is to serve Israel. If the UN was not a den of thieves, the Israeli leaders, as well as other imperialist war criminals, would have faced criminal court justice a long time ago. However, the only leaders who have been brought to trial in the International Court of Justice have been leaders of semi colonies (a.k.a. 3rd world countries).


The Zionist are well aware of the fact that they can kill as many Palestinians as they want. This cruel human experimentation of a strategy aims at finding out how much pounding can an oppressed nation take before it gives up its right of self determination and accept its fate as indefinitely subordinate to a self-proclaimed superior race-state. In exchange, the Palestinians, as non-citizen residents, would be “fortunate” to enjoy a meager rise in living conditions and economic growth of nominal proportions.


It is only a question of time until Israel annexes the West Bank. Since US President Donald Trump came to office, Israel has approved construction of more than 14,000 settlement units. [6]


The last bump in this road, the Israeli judicial authority, is being slowly but surely smoothened out of existence. The new composition of the Supreme Court of Israel already has proven to be a tool, rather than an obstacle of the Israeli government’s criminality. Last month, it approved the killing of the unarmed Palestinians stating that the protesters constituted a real danger to Israeli soldiers and citizens. It also said that Hamas, which controls Gaza, labeled a terrorist organization by Israel, intentionally mixed its members with civilians.


The panel of the Central District Court in Lod on Tuesday ruled against the admissibility of confessions made by the Jewish suspects in the 2015 Duma terror attack that murdered three members of the Dawabsha family. Eighteen-month-old Ali Dawabsha was burnt to death when the family home in the West Bank was firebombed in July 2015. His parents later died of their injuries. His brother Ahmed, now six, was the sole survivor from the immediate family, but was left with severe burns.


The aforementioned confessions were rejected on the grounds of them being pounded out of the suspect using (prepare for immediate irony) torture, court-approved for use against participants in the Palestinian resistance: “These measures severely violated the defendants’ fundamental right to maintain the integrity of body and soul. In addition, the dignity of the accused was damaged,” the court ruled.


At the same time the judges legitimized the use of the same methods against Palestinians, saying: “It should be emphasized that this is not a sweeping determination on the products of ‘necessary investigations’ (where enhanced interrogation is authorized). This decision is relevant to our case only.” [7]




Socialist Perspective




The Palestinian Authority’s initial role that betrayed the Fatah charter (that rejected the legality of the Israeli state) and has served Israel against the Palestinian people in what is called the Oslo agreement, now faces the consequences of crisis and despair. Fearing that Israel is ready to dispose of it, it now tries to prove to Israel that it still needs the PA. On June 15, the Palestinian Authority launched a vicious crackdown on peaceful demonstrators, including the arbitrary detention and torture of an Amnesty International staff member. The demonstrators demanded that the Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, ease punitive economic measures on Gaza.


Proponents of human rights, peace, social justice and democracy are beginning to wake up from the pipe dream that the “Two State Solution” is and always has been. They are increasingly looking for alternatives that would embody the aforementioned values. In the context of present reality the struggle for territorial partition is soon to be abandoned in favor of a mass popular struggle for the democratic rights (equality, national liberation, right of return, etc.) of the native Palestinian-Arab population. Such a movement must take steps to remove any and all obstacles to the full inclusion and fair representation of all oppressed, dispossessed and excluded minorities, including social-justice oriented Israeli-Jews who will break from Zionism (and will not have the right to form their own state).


However, such Israelis are expected to be very few. Israelis will break from Zionism only on two conditions – one, is a major military defeat for Israel, the second, a socialist revolution in Arab or other countries. The ISL participates in such a movement centered around the idea of the One Democratic State solution. As Marxist revolutionaries, members of the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (RCIT), we see it as our duty to convey the notion that the only road leading to such a state is to make sure that this movement is led by working class and Fellahin revolutionaries, and connect this movement to the struggle of the working and oppressed classes around the world.








[2] ibid.














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cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngAdvance the Unity of Revolutionaries in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Africa!


Declaration of Fraternal Relations between the Courant des Jeunes Penseurs Congolais (Democratic Republic of Congo) and the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency, 20 June 2018




  1. After a period of discussion and collaboration the Courant des Jeunes Penseurs Congolais (COGITO), and the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (RCIT) have decided to establish fraternal relations.


  1. While we are aware of different ideological origins of both organizations, we find a programmatic basis for our fraternal relations in the RCIT’s “Manifesto for the Revolutionary Liberation of Black Africa” (


  1. We recognize the fundamental fact that the Democratic Republic of Congo – a big country with huge mineral reserves – is subjugated to massive super-exploitation by the imperialist Great Powers (like the US, EU, China) and their corporations. These Great Powers find compliant lackeys in the local capitalist elite, symbolized by the corrupt and authoritarian regime of Joseph Kabila. We fight for a perspective of workers, youth and popular struggle in order to defend democratic and social rights. The Congolese working people will only become free if they are liberated from capitalist exploitation and imperialist oppression. The same holds true for the whole of Africa.


  1. On the basis of such a perspective, we will collaborate in order to advance the construction of a political alternative for the Congolese workers, youth and poor peasants. We plan to jointly develop and fight for a revolutionary Action Program for the Democratic Republic of Congo. We will publish reports about our activities and launch, when necessary, initiatives for international solidarity. Based on such experience of joint work we will see if the basis for closer organizational unity exists.


  1. Naturally, our fraternal relations do not revoke the autonomy and organizational independence of COGITO which will continue to struggle for its demands in DRC with non-violent methods.


  1. We call upon revolutionaries in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa and internationally to join us in our struggle to rebuild a revolutionary World Party – an international party determined to fight for socialist revolution in Africa and around the world!



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cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngIn What Sense Can One Speak of Capitalist Restoration in North Korea?


Reply to Several Objections Raised by the Polish Comrades of “Władza Rad”


By Michael Pröbsting, International Secretary of the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (RCIT), 21 June 2018,




The RCIT has published two documents in the past few months in which it analyzed the political and socio-economic transformation process in North Korea. We arrived at the conclusion that the regime of Kim Jong-un has advanced the restoration of capitalism for several years. As a result, a capitalist class (the Donju) has emerged which is linked with the regime and which already controls significant sectors of the country’s economy. (1) We concluded that we can no longer consider North Korea as a degenerated workers state ruled by a Stalinist bureaucratic caste but rather as a semi-colonial bourgeois state dominated by a Stalinist-Capitalist ruling class. (2)


The Editorial Board of the Polish Trotskyist website Władza Rad has thankfully translated and published our latest article on capitalist restoration in North Korea. (3) The comrades accompanied our article with a brief introduction. Therein they expressed their agreement with our recognition of the process of capitalist restoration. However, they also stated their disagreement with our conclusion that the Rubicon has already been crossed. (4)


Here is the essential part of the comrades’ criticism: “The text contains interesting information. However, the main thesis of the article – that the DPRK has already become a capitalist state – seems premature to us. It is one thing to say that the restoration of capitalism has started in the DPRK (thesis 1). But it is another thing to state that the DPRK has already become a capitalist state, i.e. one in which the restoration has been finalized (thesis 2). The article presents evidence to support the first thesis. It shows that North Korea is pursuing a policy similar to that which was implemented in China when it was moving towards social counterrevolution. The second thesis, however, is unsustainable. Where is the private ownership of the means of production in the DPRK? Where is hereditary property? Even if the germs of the capitalist class have appeared in the DPRK, it will only become a dominant class when it can legally safeguard its privileged economic and social position. For this it is necessary to legally allow private property and inheritance, i.e. to allow freely to buy or sell a factory, as well as transfer production assets and financial assets to children. This legal pillar of the rule of the bourgeoisie is still missing in the DPRK.


We have also received similar doubts and criticism from comrades of other organizations with which the RCIT is in contact. We therefore wish to reply to these arguments in this article in the hope that we can clarify this issue.




Has the Process of Capitalist Restoration been Completed?




None of our critics has disputed the numerous facts which we have provided to substantiate the RCIT’s analysis of capitalist restoration in North Korea. We therefore consider that it is not these facts which are under dispute by the comrades but rather the method with which we derive from our analysis that the Rubicon of the process of capitalist restoration has been crossed.


One problem in our debate is, so it seems to us, that the comrades of Władza Rad misinterpret the RCIT’s analysis of North Korea’s capitalist restoration. They write that we would assume that the “restoration has been finalized”. In fact, this is not the case.


We have stated both in our book on the world situation as well as in our latest article on North Korea that the process of capitalist restoration has not been finalized. In our book we stated explicitly: “This does not mean that the process of capitalist restoration has been completed. In fact, such a process usually takes a number of years. We have seen this is in Russia and even more so in China and Vietnam that it can take many years until all enterprises in the industrial and banking sector are subjugated to the capitalist law of value and until the whole working class is transformed into labor commodities. Likewise there are still many tasks for the restorationists in North Korea to complete. But the Rubicon has definitely been crossed and North Korea has to be characterized as a capitalist semi-colonial state.” (5) This argument was repeated in our article.


What is the difference between these the two formulations – “the process of capitalist restoration has been finalized” and “the Rubicon of the process of capitalist restoration has been crossed”? In stating that the Rubicon has been crossed we emphasize that the process of capitalist restoration, while not being completed, has already reached a new qualitative stage; a stage where a regime holds power which is dedicated to implement bourgeois relations of production and which is linked to the emerging capitalist class of Donju.


In other words, we are fully aware that a number of steps are still ahead in order to fully restore capitalism. Indeed, the comrades name several of them like creating the legal conditions for private ownership of factories.


To give a comparison: no one would deny that a new born baby still has many years ahead in order to grow and to mature as a human being. But neither will anyone deny that birth has resulted in a new qualitative stage of the embryo.




On the Relationship of the Regime and the Capitalist Donju Class




The Polish comrades raise the objection: “Where is the private ownership of the means of production in the DPRK? Where is hereditary property? Even if the germs of the capitalist class have appeared in the DPRK, it will only become a dominant class when it can legally safeguard its privileged economic and social position.


It seems to us that the comrades focus too much on aspects of the ideological superstructure than on the social-economic class reality. The decisive issue to determine the class character of a state is not its legal framework but the reality of the class nature of its regime. North Korea might not formally have a bourgeois constitution. But this is rather a secondary factor if the private capitalist sector already accounts for up to half of the economic output!


There can be no doubt, and the comrades do not object to this thesis, that there exists a sizeable capitalist class in North Korea. No one can deny that the Kim regime has supported the emergence of the Donju class. In fact, it is closely related with it.


In addition to various reports which we reproduced in our past documents on North Korea, we want to draw attention to another highly informative report published by the Washington Post. This paper of the US big bourgeoisie, which is unsuspicious of any socialist sympathies, published a highly interesting article about the relationship between the party officials and the Donju. Here are a few excerpts:


North Korea now has a 1 percent. And you’ll find them in“Pyonghattan,” the parallel universe inhabited by the rich kids of the Democratic People’s Republic. (…) North Korea as a whole remains economically backward — industry has all but collapsed, and even in Pyongyang, the official salary remains less than $10 a month — but the rise in recent years of a merchant class has created a whole layer of nouveaux riches in the capital city. “Donju,” or “masters of money,” have emerged with the tentative moves toward becoming a market economy that began about 15 years ago but has picked up momentum under Kim Jong Un, the third-generation leader who took over the reins of North Korea at the end of 2011. The donju usually hold official government positions — in ministries or the military, running state businesses abroad or trying to attract investment into North Korea. On the side, they trade in everything they can get their hands on, including flat-screen TVs and apartments. The money that they are making now flows through society, through the markets that are present in every population center to the high-end restaurants of Pyongyang.” (6)


In other words, the Kim regime does not oppress the emerging bourgeoisie as it would have been the case in a Stalinist degenerated workers state. Quite the opposite, the Kim regime has rather promoted its emergence and is linked with it. This is why we speak about a Stalinist-Capitalist ruling class.


The comrades of Władza Rad are mistaken to put too much emphasis on the legal issue of heredity in order to assess the class character of the state. In fact, North Korea is a model that there can be heredity without a legal framework. Just look at the top of the regime: it has been dominated by a single family clan since its foundation more than 70 years ago!




What is the Criterion for Crossing the Rubicon of Capitalist Restoration?




We have explained in our literature that the decisive criterion to assess the class character of a state is the class interests which a given regime defends. Such an understanding is crucial in order to grasp the capitalist transformation process: “When can we state that such a capitalist restoration has taken place? The answer is: when a Stalinist bureaucratic workers’ government is replaced by or transforms itself into a bourgeois restorationist government. Such a bourgeois restorationist government is one which is firmly resolved, both in words and deeds, to reestablish a capitalist mode of production, i.e., to move decisively against planned property relations in favor of creating a capitalist economy based on the law of value.” (7)


So we ask the comrades, do they agree that the Kim regime defends the interests of the emerging bourgeoisie in North Korea? If they do not agree, we ask them why has the regime nurtured a capitalist class for years and allowed it to take over a significant sector of the economy?! Why are so many party official s linked with the Donju?!


If they do agree with our thesis, then we ask why do they not recognize that North Korea has become a capitalist state? Is it because the economy is not already fully capitalist? But then, the comrades would also have to argue that Eastern Europe did not become capitalist in 1989/90, that the USSR did not become capitalist in 1991 and that China did not become capitalist in 1992. This would be the only consistent conclusion because in these years, the economy of the mentioned countries was also not dominated by a bourgeoisie. This was rather a process which took some years. However, in our analysis these countries became capitalist in the years 1989-92 because a bourgeois-restorationist government took power.


Our approach is based on the method elaborated by Leon Trotsky, the co-leader of the October Revolution, with Lenin, and the founder of the Fourth International. Trotsky explained in a theoretical article published in 1937 that the class character of a state and the class character of its economy can be not identical for a certain period of time. Such a period can even take years. He emphasized that the decisive criterion is which class interests does a given regime defend and not how much of its factories have already been privatized.


But does not history really know of cases of class conflict between the economy and the state? It does! After the “third estate” seized power, society for a period of several years still remained feudal. In the first months of Soviet rule the proletariat reigned on the basis of a bourgeois economy. In the field of agriculture the dictatorship of the proletariat operated for a number of years on the basis of a petty-bourgeois economy (to a considerable degree it does so even now). Should a bourgeois counterrevolution succeed in the USSR, the new government for a lengthy period would have to base itself upon the nationalized economy. But what does such a type of temporary conflict between the economy and the state mean? It means a revolution or a counter-revolution. The victory of one class over another signifies that it will reconstruct the economy in the interests of the victors. But such a dichotomous condition, which is a necessary stage in every social overturn, has nothing in common with the theory of a classless state which in the absence of a real boss is being exploited by a clerk, i.e., by the bureaucracy.” (8)


Such an understanding seems to us to be the correct Marxist approach. The conclusion from this is that North Korea is ruled by a bourgeois-restorationist regime which is linked with the new capitalist Donju class. The country faces a similar process like China or Vietnam in the 1990s. This is why we can no longer consider North Korea as a degenerated workers state ruled by a Stalinist bureaucratic caste but rather as a semi-colonial bourgeois state dominated by a Stalinist-Capitalist ruling class.


We hope that this article was helpful in clarifying the RCIT’s arguments and hopefully to overcome any misunderstandings or differences.






(1) The literally meaning of Donju is “masters of money”.


(2) Michael Pröbsting: Again on Capitalist Restoration in North Korea, 12 June 2018,; Michael Pröbsting: World Perspectives 2018: A World Pregnant with Wars and Popular Uprisings. Theses on the World Situation, the Perspectives for Class Struggle and the Tasks of Revolutionaries, RCIT Books, Vienna 2018, Chapter VI. The Korean Peninsula: Imperialist Aggression, Capitalist Restoration and Revolutionary Defensism, pp. 95-105,


(3) Michael Pröbsting: Jeszcze raz o restauracji kapitalizmu w Korei Północnej, resp.


(4) The introduction with the critical comment can be read in Polish language on Władza Rad’s website at the same link as the one in the previous footnote. We have reprinted this introduction and translated it also in English here:


(5) World Perspectives 2018, Thesis 143, p. 101


(6) Anna Fifield: North Korea’s one-percenters savor life in ‘Pyonghattan’, Washington Post, May 14, 2016


(7) Michael Pröbsting: Cuba’s Revolution Sold Out? The Road from Revolution to the Restoration of Capitalism, August 2013, p. 54,


(8) Leon Trotsky: Not a Workers’ and Not a Bourgeois State? (1937), in: Writings of Leon Trotsky 1937-38, Pathfinder Press, New York 1976, p. 63, online:




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cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngDenounce the US terror listing of Syria’s Hayyat Tahrir al-Sham!


The Trump Administration delivers another blow to the Syrian Revolution. Continue the Solidarity with the liberation struggle of the Syrian people!


Statement of the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (RCIT), 03.06.2018,




  1. On May 31, the Trump Administration has officially designated the Syrian anti-regime resistance movement Hayyat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS) as a “terrorist organization” and an “al-Qa’ida affiliate”. (1) This decision provides the legal framework to launch all kinds of attacks against HTS as well as people and organizations associated with it. In a statement published on the next day, HTS rejected Washington’s accusations and denounced its decision. (2)


  1. The Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (RCIT) strongly condemns the decision of the Trump Administration. It is nothing but another attack of U.S. imperialism against the Syrian Revolution – not the first and certainly not the last. As a matter of fact, there has been a public rupture between the HTS leadership and the al-Qaida long ago (3). As a matter of fact HTS has not undertaken a single armed attack outside of Syria – even the fanatical Assad supporters or the Western Islamophobic hypocrites have not made such allegations against HTS until now!


  1. The reasons for Washington’s decision are rather the following:


  1. HTS is the strongest and most significant guerilla movement which is determined to continue the liberation struggle against the Assad regime and its Russian and Iranian masters.


  1. In opposite to a number of pro-Turkish FSA factions, HTS has not participated in the treacherous Astana talks and has always denounced those rebel factions which supported this process. As the RCIT has pointed out repeatedly, the Astana talks – organized by Russia, Iran and Turkey and supported by the Assad regime and treacherous parts of the rebel’s leadership – are a process to organize the liquidation of the Syrian Revolution. (4)


iii.           The Trump Administration has intensified the U.S. strategy, which already begun under the Obama Administration, to support the liquidation of the Syrian Revolution. Hence the conflict in Syria becomes more and more a proxy conflict between different forces struggling for spheres of influence. These forces are under the command of or allied to Russia and Iran (the Assad regime and various affiliated militias), Turkey (various factions integrated into or allied with the Euphrates Shield forces) or the U.S. (the mainly-Kurdish SDF/YPG). The HTS is the last significant force with more than 10,000 fighters and a significant political-civilian infrastructure (the “Syrian Salvation Government”) which is independent of these powers and which is committed to continue the liberation struggle against the Assad regime.


  1. These developments can only be understood in the context of the general contradictory process in the Middle East, as we have pointed out in a recently published joint statement. This process is characterized, against the backdrop of the decline of capitalism, by an acceleration of the rivalry between various imperialist Great Powers (U.S. and Russia) as well as regional powers (Israel, Iran, Turkey, Saudi Arabia). At the same time, the situation in the Middle East is characterized by ongoing liberation struggles of the oppressed people like in Syria, Palestine, Yemen, etc. (5)


  1. Our defense of HTS against the terror listing is based on similar reasons as we oppose the terror listing of organizations like the Palestinian Hamas or the PFLP. We do not share the ideology or the political goals of HTS. It is a petty-bourgeois Islamist organization with a sectarian Salafist outlook. The Syrian Revolution can not succeed with forces like HTS. Victory can only be achieved if the liberation struggle is led by a revolutionary workers party based on a program of socialist evolution is necessary.


  1. However, such a revolutionary party does not exist at the moment – in fact the outrageous support of the so-called “Communist” Parties in Syria, as well as many other Stalinist and Bolivarian parties world-wide, for the Assad regime have discredited socialist ideas massively. HTS currently represents the most significant force which is continuing the liberation struggle. This is why all powers – Russia, Iran, Assad, U.S. and Turkey – are determined to smash HTS or to force it into capitulation. In addition to regularly airstrikes and ground assaults by Russia and the regime forces, HTS and its allies suffer since several months from a coordinated campaign of attacks and assassinations from within the rebel-controlled North of Syria. These coward attacks are most likely organized by the Turkish MIT and its Syrian collaborators among the Euphrates Shield forces. As a result, HTS lost several hundred fighters and leaders since February this year. In fact, the massive pressure by these powers has resulted in massive tensions and splits in HTS and the creation of a wing which seems to be ready to capitulate to the Turkish occupation forces. If the imperialists and the regional powers succeed in smashing HTS or forcing it into capitulation, it would most likely represent the liquidation of the last obstacle for a counter-revolutionary settlement in Syria.


  1. This is why it is important for all socialists and all supporters of the Syrian Revolution to oppose the US terror listing of HTS. This is why it is necessary to continue the support for the liberation struggle of the Syrian workers and poor peasants against the Assad regime. This is why it crucial to strengthen the international solidarity with the struggles of the oppressed people against imperialism, dictatorships and foreign occupation in the Middle East and around the world. This is why the RCIT calls all authentic revolutionaries to join us in our efforts to build a Revolutionary World Party! (6)




International Secretariat of the RCIT






(1) U.S. Department of State: Amendments to the Terrorist Designations of al-Nusrah Front, Media Note, Office of the Spokesperson, Washington, DC, May 31, 2018,


(2) HTS responds to US designations as terrorist group, Nedaa Syria 1 Jun, 2018,


(3) There are numerous sources which document this rupture. We have collected a number of them in footnote 9 in Michael Pröbsting: Syria/Idlib: The Attack of the Astana Conspirators could be repelled thus far, 05.03.2018, Anyway, even if such a rupture between HTS and al-Qaida would not have occurred we would oppose the aggression of US imperialism. Albeit we denounce al-Qaida as a politically reactionary organization, there can be no doubt that it is the imperialist Great Powers which are the main enemies of the oppressed people.


(4) See on this various statements which are collected in a special section of our website: In particular we refer to Michael Pröbsting: Is the Syrian Revolution at its End? Is Third Camp Abstentionism Justified? An essay on the organs of popular power in the liberated area of Syria, on the character of the different sectors of the Syrian rebels, and on the failure of those leftists who deserted the Syrian Revolution, 5 April 2017, and chapter V of Michael Pröbsting: World Perspectives 2018: A World Pregnant with Wars and Popular Uprisings, February 2018,


(5) See Warmongering in the Middle East: Down with all Imperialist Great Powers and Capitalist Dictatorships! Joint Statement of the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (RCIT), Alkebulan School of Black Studies (Kenya), Pacesetters Movement (Nigeria), Pan-Afrikan Consciousness Renaissance (Nigeria), Marxist Group ‘Class Politics’ (Russia), and Sınıf Savaşı (Turkey), 13 May 2018,


(6) See on this e.g. RCIT: Six Points for a Platform of Revolutionary Unity Today”;




For the RCIT’s analysis, reportage and perspectives of the Syrian Revolution, we refer readers to our numerous articles and documents which can be accessed at a special section of our website:




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cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngRemember the Martyr Razan al-Najjar – the Heroic 21-year old Palestinian Nurse, Killed by an Israeli Sniper


A Tribute from the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (RCIT), 3 June 2018,




On Friday 1 June, the Israeli army killed another unarmed Palestinian in Gaza. This time they murdered a young woman, Razan al-Najjar. Sister Razan, who wore a very visible medical uniform, was shot in the chest by a so-called “butterfly bullet“, which explodes upon impact, pulverising tissue, arteries and bone, while causing severe internal injuries. She has become the latest martyr in the liberation struggle of the Palestinian people.


Sister Razan was a young volunteer medic who had become a familiar face at the Khan Younis encampment, one of five set up along the length of the fence east of the Gaza Strip. She was admired by the people for her selfless dedication to help others.


In an interview with Al Jazeera on April 20, Razan said that she felt it was her “duty and responsibility” to be present at the protests and help the wounded. “The Israeli army does intend to shoot as many as they can,” she said at the time. “It’s crazy and I’d be ashamed if I was not there for my people.” (


In another interview with The New York Times last month, Razan described the enthusiasm she had for the work she did. “We have one goal – to save lives and evacuate [wounded] people,” she said. “We do this for our country,” she continued, adding that it was humanitarian work.


Sister Razan challenged patriarchal stereotypes towards women working in the field, where she herself would put in 13 hour shifts, beginning from 7am until 8pm. “Women are often judged but society has to accept us,” Razan said. “If they don’t want to accept us by choice, they will be forced to accept us. Because we have more strength than any man.” ( And, indeed, she has demonstrated that women are no less dedicated to the freedom struggle than men and that they deserve an equal place in the liberation movement as well as the whole society!


Sister Razan has already become an icon not only in Palestine but the whole Arab and Muslim world. Her funeral on 2 June in Gaza was attended by thousands of people.


She became the 123th Palestinian to be killed by Israeli forces since 30 March – when the popular protests began calling for the Palestinians’ right of return to the homes from which they were expelled from in 1948. More than 13,000 others have been wounded.


Brothers and sisters, we can revenge Israel’s murder of our martyr Razan al-Najjar only by continuing and intensifying the struggle for the liberation of Palestine! Let us never forget:


Israel is a terror state! As long as this Apartheid state exists, there can be no justice and no peace!


All the Great Powers support Israel and its strangling of the Palestinian people!


Nearly all heads of the Arab and Muslim states don’t raise a finger to help the Palestinians! In fact, without the aid of General Sisi’s dictatorship in Egypt, Israel wouldn’t be able to impose its barbaric blockade against the people in Gaza!


Likewise we must never forget that the corrupt PA leadership of Abbas collaborates since many years with the Israeli army and helps it to suppress the Palestinian resistance in the West Bank!


As revolutionaries, anti-imperialists, and socialists we in Revolutionary Communist International Tendency remain committed to support the liberation struggle of the Palestinian people!


Break the blockade of Gaza!


Long live the Palestinian liberation struggle!


Down with Zionism!


For the right of all Palestinians to return to their home!


For a free, red Palestine! For a Socialist Federation in the Middle East!




There are already many reports on sister Razan al-Najjar in the internet including numerous pictures. Here is only a small selection:






Cartoon by Carlos Latuff

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cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngMalaysia: Historic Defeat for Ruling Corrupt Clique of Barisian Nasional

The Pakatan Harapan Opposition Alliance Wins General Election and Forms New Government – for a Revolutionary Workers Government!


By Joseph Adams, Revolutionary Communist International Tendency, 08 June 2018,




On May 9th the Barisian Nasional (National Front) government who has ruled Malaysia since 1963 were defeated in the 2018 General election. Mired in corruption, former Prime Minister Najib Razak could end up on trial.


“But the biggest story out of Malaysia in recent years has been corruption. Najib Razak had set up a special fund to encourage foreign investment. But people involved in it have been accused of using it for their personal gain. Najib was even accused of pocketing $700m. Importantly, he has always denied this and has been cleared of wrongdoing at home, but he and the fund are still being investigated by several countries, including the US, so it’s been damaging for Malaysia’s reputation”. [1]


Mahathir Mohammed, a former colleague of Razak who broke with him, led the Alliance of Hope – the Pakatan Harapan opposition alliance – who now rules Malaysia. For the working masses and the oppressed this result has brought to power another bourgeois opposition party who will still continue to rule Malaysia as a capitalist country very much influenced by the two major imperialist powers – the USA and China.


“But two years ago he [Mahathir Mohammed, Ed.] shocked everyone by saying he was so “embarrassed” by the corruption allegations that he was leaving his old party and would join the opposition, the Pakatan Harapan (Alliance of Hope). Then in January, he said he would directly challenge his former mentee in the election, saying he felt confident of victory “unless Najib cheats”. And there were a lot of cheating allegations during the election: people said they didn’t get their postal ballot, and the government rigged some constituencies in a way critics said would help it win.” [2]


Anwar Ibrahim, a liberal politician and a former political ally of Mahathir, has been jailed several times by both Razak and Mohammed on trumped charges of sodomy. He has now been given a pardon and released. He is likely to take over from Mahathir who is in his nineties.


During the election campaign the Razak regime has offered inducements to switch political sides. Vote buying is endemic in Malaysia.


“The ruling coalition, Barisan Nasional, has faced criticism for alleged vote-buying. The Nikkei Asian Review has noted that measures like cash bonuses being handed out to civil servants and pensioners, key components of its support base, occurred just before the dissolution of the lower house of Parliament, with other measures announced during the campaign trail including “special aid” of RM500 (US$127) and reserved social housing units for employees of government-linked company DRB-HICOM as well as minimum wage increases”. [3]


Bourgeois politics in Malaysia has known big inequalities between the ruling elites, the middle class and the workers, poor peasants and urban poor. It has a constitutional elective monarchy. Out of all the countries in South East Asia Malaysia has the 3rd largest economy which largely benefits the upper echelons of the bourgeoisie. A largely agricultural country some decades ago, Malaysia has become a relatively industrialized nation. Furthermore, it is now a major exporter of rubber, Palm oil and petroleum. It was affected by the 1997 Asian financial crisis but recovered well compared to other Asian countries.


There are many refugees from Myanmar, the Philippines and Indonesia. There are severe penalties and repressive laws against non-Malay people living in Malaysia – detention without trial, sedition act, a police act and sexual harassment particularly if you are an LGBT. It is a majority Muslim country with strict Sharia laws over personal and domestic matters. Human rights abuses are common with its repressive and unjust laws.


“The country is especially well known for arresting persons without warrants and detaining them indefinitely without trial, and for placing strict limitations on freedom of speech, press, assembly, and association in the name of social order. Among the other problems cited in a US State Department report in 2011 are the abuse and even death of persons held by police; punishment by caning; trafficking in persons; systematic official to safeguard the interests of ethnic Malays who have been economically marginalized and demographically outnumbered by non-Malays since the fall of Malacca to the Portuguese and Singapore to the overseas Chinese.”


“Perhaps the best known of these laws is the Internal Security Act, which was passed in 1960; three years after the nation gained its independence from the United Kingdom. Widely viewed as draconian, it permits long-term detention without trial, and over the decades has been used systematically against individuals who have been viewed, for various reasons, as threats to Malaysia’s government or to the “social order”. Another powerful and widely employed piece of legislation, which dates back to 1948, when Malaysia was still a British colony, is the Sedition Act, which criminalizes speech or writing that is considered to be seditious”. [4]


Both bourgeois political groupings are orientated towards imperialist powers – either American or Chinese. But this will not improve or change social inequalities in society in Malaysia. What is required is a revolutionary workers government led by a revolutionary workers party.


The RCIT welcomes discussions and collaboration with militants and revolutionaries in Malaysia about a program for revolutionary change and the advance of the struggle for socialism. This could constitute the basis to build a revolutionary workers party in Malaysia.
















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