cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngNorth Korea: Stop the American Warmongers!

Defend North Korea against the Madman of US Imperialism! Down with the imperialist sanctions against North Korea! No political support for the Stalinist Kim Regime!

 

Statement of the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency, 11 August 2017, www.thecommunists.net

 

 

 

  1. Donald Trump has yet again escalated his militaristic threats against North Korea. After announcing on 8 August that the Asian country would be “met with fire and fury like the world has never seen,” the US president added two days later: “Maybe it wasn’t tough enough.” Asked by journalists if he would consider a pre-emptive strike against North Korea, Trump said ambiguously, “We’ll see what happens.” (Reuters, 8 August 2017).

 

  1. It would be very wrong to reduce the problem to one of the mental state of the current US president. True, on the surface, this bizarre combination of clown and psychopath in the White House appears as a sad aberration of history. However, it is not merely Trump, but the entire ruling class of US imperialism, that it determined to teach the world a lesson that no one dare to stand up to the American Empire! Just take the dramatic genocidal threat that US Defense Secretary James Mattis made in the last day to North Korea to “cease any consideration of actions that would lead to the end of its regime and destruction of its people” (CNN, 10 August 2017). Or consider the approval of Trump’s war rhetoric by the influential US Senator Lindsey Graham, who said he believes the president would be willing to launch a pre-emptive strike to prevent Pyongyang from launching a nuclear attack on the US homeland. In short, a military attack by US imperialism against North Korea has become a truly realistic possibility!

 

  1. As we have made clear in past statements, the RCIT has not the slightest political sympathy for the Stalinist North Korean regime. However, what matters are not words, bombastic as they may be, but facts! It is the US and not North Korea which has launched countless wars on all continents, which is occupying foreign countries, which has dropped nuclear bombs, which possesses thousands of nuclear missiles, and which just four months ago dropped history’s most powerful non-nuclear weapon (the “Mother of All Bombs“) on Afghanistan! It is the US and other Great Powers that are placing sanction after sanction on the northeast Asian country and are thereby starving its people! In other words, it is US imperialism and its allies – and not the regime of Kim Jong Un – which pose a mortal danger to the North Korean people and humanity in general!

 

  1. The RCIT therefore urgently calls upon the international workers’ movements and popular mass organizations to mobilize with the slogan “Stop the US Warmongers!” Likewise, they should mobilize in opposition to the sanctions which have been imposed on North Korea. In the event of a military conflict, the RCIT would call for the defeat of the imperialist forces and their allies and for the defense of North Korea.

 

* Stop the US Warmongers! For demonstrations, strikes and sabotage to stop US military aggression!

 

* Down with the imperialist sanctions against North Korea! Stop the deployment of the THAAD missile defense system in South Korea!

 

* In any military conflict between the US or South Korea on one side and North Korea on the other: Defeat the imperialist forces and their allies and defend North Korea!

 

* Down with the Stalinist dictatorship in Pyongyang! For a political revolution of the workers, peasants and oppressed in North Korea!

 

* For the revolutionary unification of the Korean peninsula! For a Korean Workers’ and Peasant Republic!

 

 

 

International Secretariat of the RCIT

 

 

 

See also our past statements on the imperialist aggression against North Korea:

 

RCIT: US Sanctions against Russia, Iran, and North Korea are an Economic Declaration of War, 30 July 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/north-america/us-sanctions-vs-russia-iran-north-korea/

 

RCIT: North Korea: Stop the War Mongering of US Imperialism! 4 April 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/asia/us-aggression-vs-north-korea/

 

RCIT: New Imperialist Threats in East Asia: Hands off North Korea! 12.3.2013, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/asia/defend-north-korea/

 

RCIT: No War against North Korea! Call for Protests on the Day when a War starts! 6.4.2013, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/asia/no-war-against-north-korea/

 

 

 

For our analysis of the Trump Administration and the crisis of US imperialism, we refer readers to various documents:

 

RCIT: World Perspectives 2017: The Struggle against the Reactionary Offensive in the Era of Trumpism. Theses on the World Situation, the Perspectives for Class Struggle and the Tasks of Revolutionaries, 18 December 2016, https://www.thecommunists.net/theory/world-perspectives-2017/

 

Michael Pröbsting: The Meaning, Consequences and Lessons of Trump‘s Victory. On the Lessons of the US Presidential Election Outcome and the Perspectives for the Domestic and International Class Struggle, 24.November 2016, http://www.thecommunists.net/theory/meaning-of-trump/

 

 

 

For our analysis of the emergence of South Korea as a small imperialist power, we refer readers to the following document:

 

Michael Pröbsting: Capitalist Development in South Korea and Taiwan (1997), https://www.thecommunists.net/theory/capitalism-in-south-korea-taiwan/

 

 

 

For our analysis of China as an emerging imperialist country we refer readers to various documents:

 

Michael Pröbsting: China‘s transformation into an imperialist power. A study of the economic, political and military aspects of China as a Great Power, in: Revolutionary Communism (English-language Journal of the RCIT) No. 4, http://www.thecommunists.net/publications/revcom-number-4;

 

Michael Pröbsting: Russia and China as Great Imperialist Powers. A Summary of the RCIT’s Analysis, 28 March 2014, in: Revolutionary Communism No. 22, http://www.thecommunists.net/theory/imperialist-china-and-russia/;

 

Michael Pröbsting: The China Question and the Marxist Theory of Imperialism. Again on China as an imperialist Power. Reply to a Polemic from CSR (Venezuela) and PCO (Argentina), December 2014, in: Revolutionary Communism No. 32, http://www.thecommunists.net/theory/reply-to-csr-pco-on-china/

 

 

 

 

 

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngDemocratic Republic of Congo: Military Arrests Youth Activists

For the immediate and unconditional release of Jean-Marie Kalonji and Sylva Kabanga Mbikayi!

 

Statement of the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (RCIT), 03.08.2017, www.thecommunists.net

 

 

 

The Congolese military has detained the Coordinator of the youth group Quatrieme Voie/Il Est Temps, Jean-Marie Kalonji. When fellow attorney and Quatrieme Voie spokesperson, Sylva Kabanga Mbikayi went to see about his colleague, the military arrested him too. The two Quatrieme Voie leaders are currently being held by the Congolese armed forces at the Military Detection of Unpatriotic Activities (DEMIAP) without charge or cause.

 

These arrests are just another example for the thoroughly reactionary character of the Kabila regime in the Democratic Republic of Congo. President Joseph Kabila, who has been in power since 2001, is clinging to office in defiance of Congo’s constitution as his constitutional term limit expired in December 2016. His regime bears a chief responsibility for civil wars and conflicts that killed over 5.4 million Congolese people and caused numerous mass rapes of women between 1998 and 2008.

 

Kabila unconstitutional attempt to stay in power provoked mass protests at the end of last year during which his repression forces killed over 200 demonstrators.

 

As a dictator serving the interests of the imperialist monopolies and their allied local capitalists, Kabila has received until now the direct or indirect support of various imperialist powers like France, the U.S. and China. Consecutive regimes have ensured that these old and new colonial powers can profitable exploit DRC which is one of the richest countries in resources on earth. Furthermore, the numerous dictators on the continent support him since they fear that Kabila’s fall by a popular uprising could inspire the black workers and poor throughout Africa.

 

The Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (RCIT) demands the immediate and unconditional release of Jean-Marie Kalonji and Sylva Kabanga Mbikayi. We also call for the release of all other political prisoners in DRC.

 

We fully support the struggle of the Congolese workers, poor and youth for democracy and social justice. Historic experience has demonstrated that freedom and equality can only be secured if the workers, poor peasants and youth combine the overthrow of the reactionary regime with the expulsion of the imperialist monopolies and the Great Powers and the expropriation of the ruling capitalist class so that they create their own government which can open the road towards socialism.

 

 

 

International Secretariat of the RCIT

 

 

 

* * * * *

 

 

 

For the RCIT analysis of the liberation in Black Africa, we refer readers to our numerous articles and documents accessed from the Africa and Middle East section of our website: https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/. In particular we refer readers to the following documents:

 

RCIT: Theses on Capitalism and Class Struggle in Black Africa, 13 April 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/theory/africa-theses/

 

Platform of the Socialist League of Zimbabwe (Section of the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency), https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/rcit-zimbabwe-platform/

 

RCIT: Zambia: Down with the State of Emergency! Everyone Out to the Streets to Fight for Democratic Rights and against the IMF-Imposed Austerity Attacks! 09.07.2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/zambia-state-of-emergency/

 

The Political Situation in Zambia and the Revolutionary Way Forward, Joint Statement of the Economic Liberation Association (Zambia) and the RCIT, 01.08.2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/political-situation-in-zambia/

 

 

 

 

 

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngSyria: Defend Idlib against the Great Powers!

 

Down with the reactionary Astana Deal! Defend the Revolution against the butcher Assad, against Russian and US Imperialism and the local Allies! Victory to the Struggle of the Workers and Oppressed!

 

Statement of the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency, 04.08.2017, www.thecommunists.net

 

 

 

  1. The US has released a statement concerning the recent take-over of Idlib by Hayyat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS). In this statement, the biggest imperialist power threatens the Syrian liberation fighters in that province (“Al-Qaida“, “Jolani and his gang“, etc) in ill-concealed language with military intervention: “It will be difficult for the United States to convince international parties not to take the required military action. We advise everyone in the free north to take the necessary steps to move away from this gang and reject their terrorism.” (https://twitter.com/BaytAShaamNews/status/893214426085675010; see also: http://www.reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-syria-russia-casualtie-idUSKBN1AI0HG). Furthermore the U.S. has again increased its military drone activity over the province. At the same time, the Pentagon has released a directive telling its Syrian allies to exclusively fight against Daesh and not to fight the Syrian regime. When the Shohadaa al-Qraiteen Brigade in the Southeast of the country broke with the US-led coalition in protest against this directive, the American army command threatened to bomb their positions. Likewise there has been accelerated and, unfortunately successful, pressure by Russia on the leaderships of so-called “moderate” rebel factions in the enclaves of East Ghouta and Homs to accept a truce.

 

  1. The RCIT warns that the US threats against Idlib may very well constitute a clear alarm that a coordinated military assault by the Great Powers and their local allies against the remaining areas under control of Syrian liberation forces is imminent. At the very latest, such an attack is most likely to occur after the pending Great Power victory over Daesh in the east of the country.

 

  1. Along with the arch-reactionary Assad regime, the Great Powers as well as regional powers like Turkey, reacted with horror to recent developments in Idlib in which HTS emerged as the dominant military from a power-struggle between different rebel factions. HTS is not only the strongest force militarily among the liberation fighters, but is also the most determined enemy of the Astana deal. As stated in the treaty of 4 May, the explicit goal of the Astana deal is to finish off the Syrian Revolution by transforming the areas still held by the rebels (primarily Idlib, Deraa, the enclaves in East Ghouta and Homs) into territories occupied by foreign troops (mainly Russian, Iranian and Turkish). At the same time, the deal commits its signatories to continue their war against the so-called “terrorist,” which, in particular, include the strongest, best organized and most committed force in the ongoing liberation war against the Assad regime – the petty-bourgeois Islamist Hayyat Tahrir al-Sham.

 

  1. As we have stated in earlier documents, we in the RCIT unexceptionally oppose the political ideology of HTS. It is a petty-bourgeois nationalist Salafist force which promotes a sectarian and socially-conservative agenda. The working class and the oppressed in Syria need a completely different perspective – the organization of the popular masses in independent councils and armed militias fighting for a consistent democratic and socialist program.

 

  1. However, revolutionaries have to develop their tactics on the basis of the given relation of forces as it is and not as it should be. In the present situation, it is crucial to defend those forces which refuse to capitulate to the pressure of the imperialist powers and their regional allies to lay down their arms and to liquidate the heroic Syrian Revolution. We share the support for the Syrian Revolution expressed by the Palestinian popular masses in the al-Aqsa Mosque last week, when they celebrated their victory against the Zionist occupiers. Sharing this spirit of the Palestinian masses, the international workers’ movement and all progressive and democratic forces must also rally to support the Syrian Revolution. They must defend the anti-capitulationist liberation forces which continue the struggle against the Assad regime as well as the Great Powers and their allies. This includes, but is not limited to, the defense of Idlib and the liberation forces deployed there (including HTS) against any assault of the US, Russian or Turkish armies or their local allies.

 

* Down with the Astana Deal! Support the Syrian Revolution!

 

* Defend Idlib against the Great Powers and their allies!

 

* For a multinational, independent workers’ and peasants republic in Syria – free of sectarianism, foreign occupation and dictatorship!

 

* For international mass mobilizations and strikes of workers, migrants and youth to stop the imperialist aggression of Russia and the US against the peoples of the Middle East!

 

 

 

International Secretariat of the RCIT

 

 

 

* * * * *

 

 

 

For the RCIT’s analysis of the Arab Revolution in general and the Syrian Revolution in particular, we refer readers to our numerous articles and documents which can be accessed from the Africa and Middle East section of our website: https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/. In particular we refer readers to the following documents:

 

Michael Pröbsting: Syria: The Astana-Deal Struggle Intensifies. Some Notes on Recent Developments in the Syrian Civil War and the Dangers for the Liberation Struggle, 28 July 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/syrian-revolution-28-7-2017/

 

RCIT: Syria: Condemn the Reactionary Astana Deal! The so-called “De-Escalation Zones” are a First Step towards the Partition of Syria and a Conspiracy by the Great Powers to Defeat the Revolution, 7 May 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/astana-deal/

 

Michael Pröbsting: Is the Syrian Revolution at its End? Is Third Camp Abstentionism Justified? An essay on the organs of popular power in the liberated area of Syria, on the character of the different sectors of the Syrian rebels, and on the failure of those leftists who deserted the Syrian Revolution, 5 April 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/theory/syrian-revolution-not-dead/

 

Johannes Moraga: Syria: Was the Chemical Attack a “False Flag” Operation? Let’s make Syria the graveyard for Assad, Putin and Trump! Victory to the Revolution! 14 April 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/syria-false-flag/

 

RCIT: Syria: No to Trump’s Missiles Strike! Drive all Great Powers out of Syria! Victory to the Syrian Revolution! 7 April 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/us-air-strike-in-syria/

 

RKO BEFREIUNG: Press Conference on Assad’s Chemical Weapons Attack and the US Air Strike, Report (with video) on a press conference of the Syrian Community and the Austrian Section of the RCIT on 7 April 2017 in Vienna, https://www.thecommunists.net/rcit/press-conference-syria-7-4-2017/

 

Yossi Schwartz: Raqqa: Defeat the US Imperialist Offensive! An assessment of the US/SDF/YPG war against Daesh, April 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/us-offensive-in-raqqa/

 

RCIT: Down with the Assad Tyranny! Victory to the Syrian Revolution! For a Workers and Peasants Republic! Draft Platform of Syrian Revolutionaries in Political Solidarity with the RCIT, April 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/draft-syria-platform/

 

RCIT: Defeat the Imperialist Invasion in Syria – Victory to the Revolution! Down with the American and Russian interventions! No to the imperialist plan to divide Syria! Down with the butcher Assad and his imperialist allies! 13.03.2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/imperialist-invasion-in-syria/

 

RCIT: World Perspectives 2017: The Struggle against the Reactionary Offensive in the Era of Trumpism, Theses on the World Situation, the Perspectives for Class Struggle and the Tasks of Revolutionaries, 18 December 2016, Chapter IV. The Middle East and the State of the Arab Revolution, https://www.thecommunists.net/theory/world-perspectives-2017/part-4/

 

RCIT: Revolution and Counterrevolution in the Arab World: An Acid Test for Revolutionaries, 31 May 2015, http://www.thecommunists.net/theory/theses-arab-revolution/

 

 

 

 

 

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngThe Political Situation in Zambia and the Revolutionary Way Forward

Joint Statement of the Economic Liberation Association (Zambia) and the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency, 01.08.2017, www.thecommunists.net

 

 

 

  1. Zambia is currently under a state of emergency that has been for all purposes and intents, designed, declared and calculated to stamp-out and suppress decent on the growing oppression of the Patriotic Front (PF) government on the people. The leader of the opposition United Party of National Development (UPND) is currently over 110 days in prison on trumped-up charges of treason – a mere traffic offense that was crafted by the state security apparatus no doubt, to induce and entrap the opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema.

 

  1. Powers of the police and other security wings has been increased without limits as provided for under Chapter 112 of the laws of Zambia – Preservation of Public Security Act which is a carry-over law from the colonial era when it was used by the British to oppress freedom fighters and suppress meetings of the nationalist movement. Today, it is being used to stamp out opposition rallies, meetings, processions and even press briefings.

 

  1. President Edgar Lungu has been declared as sole candidate for the 2021 coming general elections by his party central committee. This declaration is in direct conflict with the Zambian constitution which limits the tenure of a president to TWO TERMS, and Lungu is in his second and final term after he finished the last term when he took on from late president Sata Michael who died in office, leaving Lungu to serve the final year and half. However in January 2016, an amended constitution was enacted, and in it, is a clause which could have justified a third term, but it cannot apply in retrospect since Lungu was already serving at the time it was enacted. What is at play is a possible manipulation of the constitution should the constitutional court rule in favor of Lungu and his party to allow a third term, and under the dictatorial regime of Lungu, the court which has his appointees serving as judges is almost certain to rule for a third term. The population is opposed to a third term due to the PF’s brutality and mismanagement of the economy which has led to more hardships.

 

  1. Zambia is in massive debt. Official figures put it at 7.2 billion dollars, which represents roughly a 200% increase from the 3 billion that was inherited from the MMD regime when PF took power in 2011. However our independent figures put the debt at over 12 billion dollars, and this keeps rising. The country is currently negotiating a 1.2 billion dollars economic rescue package from the IMF which of course has come with its own conditions of austerity, among them the removal of fuel and agricultural subsidies, increase in all sorts of taxes and levies, a sharp rise in electricity tariffs by 75%, wage and employment freezes, and reduced budgets to social services. Still on the cards is the privatization of the Nations electricity supply company ZESCO, to be unbundled and sold off to private foreign investors as generation, transmission and commercial operations. Negotiations are still underway, and the IMF keeps stalling over the loan until the conditions are met, plunging the country further into poverty.

 

  1. Over 86% of Zambians live in abject poverty – on less than a dollar a day. Government statistics put the figure at 56%, and OXFAM reported 66% in 2016, clearly, the discrepancy is meant to cover a shocking and shameful reality. Unemployment and dependency levels stand at over 80%, the doctor to patient ratio is 1 – 100,000. Majority of Zambians have no access to decent food, education, healthcare or shelter. 70% of the population is composed of youths. Improvement in the social welfare of workers and the population at large is that of the working poor – leaving on pay-check to pay-check, and hand to mouth. Loss of employment spells starvation and poverty.

 

  1. Such is the summary of the situation in Zambia as affects the people’s lives. Only a revolutionary movement with a revolutionary agenda can save the day. The socialist program for the revolutionary liberation of the Zambian popular masses includes the following demands:

 

* Expropriation of Land without Compensation! Reclaim and repossess all Zambian lands owned and/or controlled by foreigners/foreign investors. Our land is ours, and as such must be re-distributed to our people as a matter of right, and economic empowerment. Sale of land to foreigners is criminal.

 

* Nationalization of Our Stolen Mines! We must take over our oldest and biggest billion dollar industry – Mining. All Zambian mines stolen by so-called foreign investors through dubious deals must, and shall be retaken. In order to ensure that the mines are operated in the interest of the people and to avoid corruption by managers, the nationalized mines should be put under the control of the workers employed.

 

* For a Public Employment Program, discussed and controlled by the workers and the poor! Such a program should ensure that the country’s wealth is utilized for the needs of the country and that all people in need will get a job.

 

* Free Quality Education and Healthcare for All! We must guarantee free education and healthcare as a human right and reality for all Zambians. Government must and will bear the full cost of such critical social services from the hefty taxes it imposes and collects from citizens, and those that it lets slip out in form of tax evasion & 100% profit externalization by foreign multi-national companies.

 

* Decent Wages and Pensions for All! We must protect our people and workers from destitution, poverty and employer exploitation by updating out-dated labour laws, upgrading the minimum/living wage, guaranteeing full employment and job security for all as a human right, complete with decent wages, good conditions of service and guaranteed pensions for all workers.

 

* The Right to Decent Food, Housing and Social Protection for All! We must ensure that no Zambian starves and lives in pathetic slum conditions. Access to decent and affordable food, housing units, clothing, water, sanitation, clean energy and social protection must be made available by the state and affordable to all Zambians as a human right.

 

* Cancellation of IMF and World Bank Loans! Debt is slavery! It is an instrument of the imperialist financial institutions to exploit semi-colonial countries like Zambia and the whole of Black Africa. We must cancel unnecessary borrowing and burdensome loan repayment conditions to the IMF and World Bank which currently make it impossible for us to allocate resources to poverty reduction and national development. We must endeavor to make ours and future generations debt-free.

 

* Down with the Imperialist Domination! Zambia, as well as Black Africa as a whole, is dependent on and exploited by the imperialist monopolies and the Great Powers. European, American and Chinese corporations are enriching themselves at the back of the Zambian workers and oppressed. We fight against these imperialist powers and support all measures which help to gain full national independence (expropriation of foreign corporations, expulsion of foreign colonialist settlers, cancellation of foreign debts, stop of cheap imports which are ruining local peasants, etc.). Zambia shall be free again!

 

* For a Workers and Poor Government! As long as Zambia is ruled by governments which serve the capitalist class and the imperialist powers, the people will continue to live in poverty and exploitation. Zambia will only be free if these servants of the imperialist masters are no longer in power. Hence we fight for a democratic and socialist revolution which brings a government of the workers and poor to power – a government based on organs of workers and popular power. Such a government will expropriate the super-rich, expel the imperialist corporations and nationalize the key sectors of the economy so that these can serve the interests of the people. It will open the road towards socialism.

 

* Internationalize the Revolution! For a Free and Socialist Black Africa! We are aware that liberation can not be long-lasting secured if the revolution remains isolated in a single country. Hence we support the liberation struggles of our brothers and sisters in other countries who are fighting like us against capitalist exploitation and imperialist domination!

 

Long Live the Revolution! Aluta Continua!

 

 

 

Economic Liberation Association (Zambia): http://www.elazambia.org

 

Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (Zimbabwe, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Brazil, México, Venezuela, Israel/Occupied Palestine, Yemen, Tunisia, Turkey, Aotearoa / New Zealand, Germany, Britain and Austria), www.thecommunists.net

 

 

 

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngUS Sanctions against Russia, Iran, and North Korea are an Economic Declaration of War

Down with the sanctions! Defend Iran and North Korea against any Imperialist Aggression! Oppose U.S. as well as Russian Imperialism

 

Statement of the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency, 30 July 2017, www.thecommunists.net

 

 

 

  1. Both the U.S. Senate and the House of Representatives nearly unanimously voted for a bill that includes drastic sanctions against Russia as well as against Iran and North Korea. Furthermore, it represents an implicit attack on the European Union as the bill also threatens sanctions against other countries that have business relations with these three states. Russia as well as the European Union have already announced to retaliate in case the bill becomes effective. This measure of US imperialism represents a serious escalation of both inner-imperialist rivalry as well as of imperialist aggression against countries like Iran and North Korea.

 

  1. The U.S. Congress’ bill is highly remarkable on several levels. First, the unanimity of both the chambers of the Congress – the Senate backed the bill by a margin of 98-2, the House of Representatives by 419-3 – reflects the fact that this move does not constitute a tactical maneuver of a party but represents the collective will of the ruling class.

 

  1. This bill massively escalates the economic sanctions which Western imperialist powers have already adopted against Russia since 2014. The new sanctions focus on the energy sector. This reflects a strong economic motive of the US capitalist class as it desires to establish American dominance on the world energy market. The US is already the world’s largest exporter of refined petroleum products. Furthermore the U.S. has massively increased its production of LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) through the highly environmentally damaging method of fracking. Hence, there is a strong motivation of US imperialism to weaken its competitors on the energy market like Russia, Iran and Qatar.

 

  1. Furthermore, the bill reflects the desire of US imperialism to politically weaken Russia which is one of its major rivals in world politics. Moscow has demonstrated its rise as a Great Power as it currently humiliates Washington in Syria in front of the whole world. This imperialist rivalry is also an important background for the anti-Russian hysteria in the US concerning the alleged interference of the Putin regime in the U.S. elections last year. The contempt by most of the US ruling class for the Trump Administration is nurtured not only by the latter incompetence but also by the “unpatriotic” desire of the Trump clan to conspire with Putin against the Democratic Party. Hence the new bill also includes a remarkable provision that allows Congress to stop any effort by Trump to ease existing sanctions on Russia, a kind of explicit mistrust of the Congress against the American President.

 

  1. The new bill will also have drastic consequences for the European Union as the sanctions target any company that contributes to the development, maintenance or modernization of Russia’s energy export pipelines. As it is well-known European corporations are strongly involved in joint energy projects with Russia (e.g. Nord Stream 2, Blue Stream pipeline, CPC pipeline). In short, the bill is an attempt to undermine the EU cooperation with Russia and to force it to become dependent on U.S. energy imports.

 

  1. The imperialist EU has already recognized the danger of this bill. EU chief executive Jean-Claude Juncker reacted in a statement: “The U.S. bill could have unintended unilateral effects that impact the EU’s energy security interests. (…) If our concerns are not taken into account sufficiently, we stand ready to act appropriately within a matter of days. ‘America First’ cannot mean that Europe’s interests come last.” (Reuters: EU warns U.S. it may respond swiftly to counter new sanctions on Russia, July 26, 2017) Given the ongoing conflict between the U.S. and the EU about tariffs for steel imports, a trade war between the U.S. and the EU is looming – reflecting the accelerating rivalry between the imperialist Great Powers in the current period.

 

  1. In addition, the new bill imposes new sanctions against Iran. This is particularly remarkable since even the Trump Administration, which includes a strong faction of fanatical war-mongers against Iran, has been forced recently to admit that Iran has not violated the nuclear deal reached in 2015 between Iran and a group of Great Powers (Reuters: Trump says Iran complying with nuclear deal but remains dangerous threat, July 18, 2017). Hence the new sanctions reflect the determination of US imperialism to launch a new wave of aggression against a country which is both a competitor on the energy market as well as a local rival in Middle East politics.

 

  1. Finally, the bill represents another acceleration of the imperialist aggression against North Korea. This is even more the case as Japan’s Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida already announced that his government will join the U.S. in imposing additional sanctions on North Korea. These imperialist powers want to subjugate North Korea as it represents a small non-capitalist country which however possesses modern (possibly even nuclear) weapons and as such represents a challenge for the Western dominance in the region. Furthermore, it is allied with China – the main imperialist rival in Asia for the US and Japan.

 

  1. The RCIT warns that this new bill is a dangerous escalation of the aggressive foreign policy of US imperialism which must be opposed by socialists in the US as well as internationally. Naturally, opposing the new US sanction does not make us supporters of Russian or European imperialism which themselves are involved in reactionary wars against oppressed people (e.g. Syria, Chechnya, Mali). Socialists must take a revolutionary defeatist position in any confrontation between such imperialist powers. Likewise, we will oppose any future retaliation sanctions by Russia or the EU.

 

  1. We sharply denounce the threats and provocations of US imperialism against Iran and North Korea. The RCIT unconditionally opposes the theocratic regime in Teheran and we call for the defeat of the Iranian forces in Syria where they are supporting the reactionary dictatorship of Assad against the legitimate popular uprising of the Syrian people. Nevertheless, we stand for the defense of Iran against any imperialist sanctions or against any military attack by the US or by Israel. The same policy applies to North Korea as we have pointed out in past statements.

 

International Secretariat of the RCIT

 

 

 

For our analysis of the Trump Administration and the crisis of US imperialism we refer readers to various documents:

 

RCIT: World Perspectives 2017: The Struggle against the Reactionary Offensive in the Era of Trumpism. Theses on the World Situation, the Perspectives for Class Struggle and the Tasks of Revolutionaries, 18 December 2016, https://www.thecommunists.net/theory/world-perspectives-2017/

 

Michael Pröbsting: The Meaning, Consequences and Lessons of Trump‘s Victory. On the Lessons of the US Presidential Election Outcome and the Perspectives for the Domestic and International Class Struggle, 24.November 2016, http://www.thecommunists.net/theory/meaning-of-trump/

 

RCIT: On the 100th Anniversary of the Outbreak of World War I: The Struggle against Imperialism and War. The Marxist Understanding of Modern Imperialism and the Revolutionary Program in Light of the Increasing Rivalry between the Great Powers, Revolutionary Uprisings, and Counterrevolutionary Setbacks, 25.6.2014, https://www.thecommunists.net/theory/struggle-vs-imperialism-war/

 

For our analysis of Russia as an emerging imperialist country we refer readers to various documents:

 

RCIT: World Perspectives 2017, Chapter III. The Great Power Rivalry and Its Consequences for World Politics, https://www.thecommunists.net/theory/world-perspectives-2017/part-3/

 

RCIT: World Perspectives 2016: Chapter IV.1. The Accelerating Rivalry between the Great Powers, https://www.thecommunists.net/theory/world-perspectives-2016/part5/

 

Michael Pröbsting: Russia as a Great Imperialist Power. The formation of Russian Monopoly Capital and its Empire – A Reply to our Critics, 18 March 2014, https://www.thecommunists.net/theory/imperialist-russia/

 

Michael Pröbsting: Lenin’s Theory of Imperialism and the Rise of Russia as a Great Power. On the Understanding and Misunderstanding of Today’s Inter-Imperialist Rivalry in the Light of Lenin’s Theory of Imperialism. Another Reply to Our Critics Who Deny Russia’s Imperialist Character, August 2014, https://www.thecommunists.net/theory/imperialism-theory-and-russia/

 

Michael Pröbsting: The Uprising in East Ukraine and Russian Imperialism. An Analysis of Recent Developments in the Ukrainian Civil War and their Consequences for Revolutionary Tactics, 22.October 2014, https://www.thecommunists.net/theory/ukraine-and-russian-imperialism/

 

See also our past statements on Iran:

 

RCIT: For the Iranian Revolution! Down with the capitalist Mullah dictatorship! Down with Imperialism! For a working class revolution in Iran! February 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/iran-platform/

 

Yossi Schwartz: Nuclear Agreement Signed: Will Iran Become the Policeman of Imperialism in the Region? 23.7.2015, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/us-iran-nuclear-deal/

 

RKOB: Defend Iran against the U.S., EU and Israel warmongers! 9.11.2011, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/asia/iran-no-war/

 

See also our past statements on the imperialist aggression against North Korea:

 

RCIT: North Korea: Stop the War Mongering of US Imperialism! Down with the imperialist sanctions against North Korea! No political support for the Stalinist Kim Regime! 4 April 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/asia/us-aggression-vs-north-korea/

 

RCIT: New Imperialist Threats in East Asia: Hands off North Korea! 12.3.2013, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/asia/defend-north-korea/

 

RCIT: No War against North Korea! Call for Protests on the Day when a War starts! 6.4.2013, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/asia/no-war-against-north-korea/

 

 

 

About | Privacy Policy | Sitemap

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngOccupied Palestine: In the Aftermath of the alAqsa Clashes

By Yossi Schwartz, Internationalist Socialist League (RCIT Section in Israel / Occupied Palestine), 29.07.2017, http://www.the-isleague.com

 

 

 

In the last two weeks of protests, the Israeli occupation forces wounded more than 1,000 Palestinians during clashes, according to the Palestinian Red Crescent. Three Palestinians were killed Friday last week during “Day of Rage” protests across the West bank, including East Jerusalem.

 

Israel was forced to remove the metal detectors and the cameras it installed in order to assert its sovereignty over the alAqsa compound. Furthermore, the police that tried to prevent young Palestinians from entering the old city finally gave up and lifted the ban.

 

The Palestinians perhaps paid in blood, but they can justifiably claim victory. Palestinian religious leaders seem satisfied with the significant Israeli capitulations but afraid of losing control over the Palestinians masses. That is why they called to end to the boycott (worshipers refrained from entering the compound and instead chose to pray in the surrounding streets and alleys) and thousands of Palestinian Muslims returned to the mosque on Thursday for the first time since July 14th.

 

Raed Saleh, head of the now outlawed Islamic Movement (Northern Branch) said that re-entering the compound on their own terms was a victory for Palestinians:

 

We never saw this kind of win for our people,” he told Al Jazeera. “People are coming from everywhere just to support us in this occasion.The Israeli government will now understand that Palestinians from Jerusalem will not accept everything they [Israelis] will tell them. We control ourselves. No one is controlling us.

 

However, renewed clashes followed, with Israeli forces firing stun grenades, tear gas and flash grenades into the holy compound, wounding more than 100 people. This Friday afternoon a 16-year-old Palestinian was killed during clashes with occupation forces on the border fence with central Gaza Strip.

 

Hundreds of Palestinians took part in protests throughout the West Bank, while a relative calm was observed in the Mosques’ compound, after prayers in the holy place which had been the focus of tensions for the past two weeks ended. For now. [1]

 

In the meantime in Jordan, Attorney General Judge Akram Masaadeh, announced (Thursday) the end of the investigation into the killing of the two Jordanian citizens, Mohammad Jawawdeh and Bashar Kamel Hamarneh, which took place at the Israeli embassy in Amman, according to the Jordan News Agency, Petra.

 

Masaadeh said that the Public Prosecution indicted the murderer, named Ziv, with both the murder of more than one person in violation of Article 27/3 of the Jordanian Penal Code, and the possession of a firearm without a licence contrary to Articles 3, 4 and 11/D of the Firearms and Ammunition Law No. 54 of 1952, after the investigation clarified that Ziv was in fact the killer.

 

Masaadeh said that “the Public Prosecutor’s Office found through the investigation that the murderer enjoy diplomatic and judicial immunity“, pointing out that the prosecutor decided that they cannot prosecute him, in accordance with Article 11 of the Jordanian Penal Code.

 

He added that the immunity of the murderer, according to the Vienna Convention, is purely procedural immunity, and does not exempt him from trials before the courts of his country. [2]

 

The Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu gave the guard a hero’s embrace after Israel brought him home under diplomatic immunity. King Abdullah said Netanyahu’s behavior was “provocative on all fronts and enrages us, destabilize security and fuels extremism“.

 

To make things worse Netanyahu announced that Israel is considering a plan where the Arab-majority areas of the Triangle (Wadi ‘Ara) will be exchanged for the settlements in the West Bank. This was the first time Netanyahu is speaking openly about a new transfer of the Palestinian citizens of Israel – this time jurisdictional rather than physical.

 

 

 

Golden opportunity to revitalize the Arab Revolution

 

 

 

Hundreds of people took to the streets of Amman-Jordan in protest over the king’s decision to allow the Israeli killer to leave for Israel. This exposes the mechanism in the region through which Israel is being protected by the corrupt regimes surrounding it. Smashing this mechanism is one of the main tasks of the Arab Revolution.

 

This is a golden opportunity to mobilize the Arab masses in the West Bank, Gaza and Israel together with the Arabs in Egypt and Jordan. Unity in action should be formed around the demand to put the Israeli murderer to trial and remove the Israeli police from the Mosques.

 

Past experience shows that Israel’s retreat is a temporary one. As soon as the Israeli government feels strong again, it will act to impose its sovereignty over the Mosques once more. The only way to put an end to such insane racist policies is to organize the struggle around the vision of a unified democratic state from the river to the sea.

 

This state would naturally take the form of a Palestinian nation-state, but its class content must be one of a workers’ republic. Otherwise, the forces of the bourgeois counter-revolution would prove, once again, too strong and their brutality is already well engraved in the memory of the masses, especially in our region.

 

Such a workers’ republic could only be achieved through an alliance of the working class with the rural Fellahin and the urban lower-middle classes.

 

 

 

Footnotes

 

[1] http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4995636,00.html

 

[2] http://www.jordantimes.com/news/local/attorney-indicts-embassy-killer-urges-trial-under-int%E2%80%99l-law

 

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngSyria: The Astana-Deal Struggle Intensifies

Some Notes on Recent Developments in the Syrian Civil War and the Dangers for the Liberation Struggle

 

By Michael Pröbsting, Revolutionary Communist International Tendency, 28 July 2017, www.thecommunists.net

 

 

 

As we have warned in the past, the last weeks have seen a massive intensification of efforts by the Great Powers and their regional allies to pacify Syria, and to finally liquidate the Revolution and divide the country into different zones of influence. (1) In the wake of these intensified efforts, it is vital that all supporters of the Syrian Revolution clearly understand the dangers and challenges ahead.

 

Let us briefly note the most important developments:

 

1) The US with its local allies – mostly the petty-bourgeois nationalist Kurdish YPG – is continuing to conquer northern Syria under the pretext of fighting against Daesh. The battle for Raqqa is still going on and it will take some time before the city falls to these enemies of the revolution. It is clear that US imperialism, with the help of the YPG (the darling of many Stalinist and pseudo-Trotskyist leftists), is already transforming this region into its military domain. (2) Several media have already published – to the outrage of the Pentagon – maps which show the exact location of 10 US military installations – including two air bases. (See the map attached below.) (3)

 

2) At the same time, Russia and its allies (Iran, Hezbollah, and the Assad regime) are also advancing into eastern Syria, effectively driving Daesh out from this region. Russia and Iran are also using this opportunity to build up military bases and, in particular, take control of the border with Iraq while the Iraqi army, following its recent conquest of Mosul, and is also advancing towards the border region. At the same time, the Russian Air Force is continuing its terroristic bombardment against the Syrian people. According to Interfax, it delivered over 5,800 strikes in the past two months! (4) All in all, we are witnessing a race between the two imperialist Great Powers, the US and Russia, along with their respective allies, to defeat Daesh and to grab for themselves slices of Syria that as large as possible.

 

3) Naturally, the relation between the two imperialist camps and their respective allies is characterized not only by rivalry but also by a degree of cooperation in order to defeat their common enemies. This results in scattered instances of clashes (e.g., Trump’s missile strike against an air base of the Assad regime in last April; the US’s shooting down of drones), but primarily the element of cooperation predominates. This is because both imperialist camps want to see Daesh annihilated and the Syrian Revolution defeated. Currently the Russian/Iranian/Assad camp is clearly the stronger factor, as the US has no relevant local military ally except the Kurdish YPG.

 

4) It is clear that the imperialists’ battle for Raqqa is in its final phase. It may still take a few months more to conquer the whole of eastern Syria and to smash Daesh. This depends in large part on the degree of continuing cooperation between Russia and the US. Temporary conflicts breaking out between the two could prolong Daesh’s demise. But, in the end, the defeat of the so-called “Islamic State” is unavoidable, as Daesh has greatly undermined popular support for it with its reactionary sectarian and totalitarian policy. However, while Daesh in its current form may not survive, it is very likely that, given the oppression by the imperialist powers and the Assad regime, other forms of Islamist Sunni resistance will continue to exist. While Daesh obviously is a counterrevolutionary Salafist-Takfiri force, it is equally clear that the main enemies in the current conflict in the north of Syria are the imperialist forces and their local allies.

 

5) The most important political development in the imperialist attempt to liquidate the Syrian Revolution is the so-called Astana negotiations. They are dominated by Russia, Iran and Turkey and include, besides the Assad regime, several factions of the rebels (e.g., FSA, Ahrar Al-Sham). It is the explicit goal of the Astana deal, as stated in its treaty of 4 May, to finish off the Syrian Revolution by transforming the areas still held by the rebels (mainly Idlib, Deraa, the enclaves in East Ghouta and Homs) into territories occupied by foreign troops (mainly Russian, Iranian and Turkish). At the same time, the deal commits its signatories to continue their war against the so-called terrorists, which in particular include the strongest, best organized and most committed force in the ongoing liberation war against the Assad regime – the petty-bourgeois Islamist Hayyat Tahrir al-Sham. (5)

 

6) For all practical purposes, the Trump administration is currently going along with the Russian-imposed Astana deal. The US has formally ended its so-called aid program to the rebels, which never really reached significant levels. (6) It has instructed the Syrian forces which are part of the so-called “coalition” that they must be exclusively focused on fighting Daseh and not to fight the Syrian regime. This directive prompted one rebel group to depart the US-led forces in Southern Syria. (7) During the recent G20, held in Germany in June, Trump and Putin agreed in an impromptu one-on-one summit to observe an ongoing truce in southern Syria (the Deraa region). (8)

 

7) Russia, for its part, unilaterally declared a truce for the eastern Ghouta region on 22 July. While most rebel factions, with the exception of Hayyat Tahrir al-Sham, agreed to this, the Assad government continued its terrorist bombings of the region from the air. (9) Clearly there are some tactical differences between Assad and Putin, as the former hopes to entirely eradicate the enclave while the Russian leader prefers to end the civil war sooner rather than later.

 

8) Hezbollah has intensified its military offensive against the rebel enclave in the Arsal region on the Syrian-Lebanese border. The rebel forces – led by Hayyat Tahrir al-Sham – are desperately fighting for their survival, but their situation is extremely difficult.

 

9) While the Assad regime as well as the imperialists and their allies are the most dangerous enemies of the Syrian Revolution in terms of military force, Turkey’s Erdoğan regime is the Revolution’s most dangerous political enemy. This is so because Turkey not only possesses a sizable army in the region, but also because it exercises strong influence on the leaderships of various rebel factions. Furthermore, Turkey has much more credibility among Syrians than Russia, Iran or the US, as it has provided refuge for millions of Syrians and in past years has offered logistical support for some rebel factions. Hence, Turkey’s actual influence far transcends that which it has on the relatively small number of rebel forces who were incorporated into the Turkish-led Operation Euphrates Shield. They also strongly influence other FSA factions, along with Ahrar Al-Sham. As a signatory to the counter-revolutionary Astana deal, the Erdoğan regime is now striving to both increase its influence in Syria and liquidate the liberation struggle against the Assad regime.

 

10) As part of this process, the Erdoğan regime has upped its efforts in the rebel-controlled Idlib region to weaken the forces allied with Hayyat Tahrir al-Sham. The latter organization has unequivocally condemned the Astana deal and has officially warned Turkey not to attempt to invade Idlib. (10) Given the strength of Hayyat Tahrir al-Sham, Turkey and its allies are reluctant to openly invade the province and are limiting themselves to various assassination attempts against HTS leaders, while encouraging hostile maneuvers by Ahrar Al-Sahm which has become de facto the reactionary agent of Erdoğan and the Astana conspiracy. (11) However, these attempts to militarily utilize Ahrar Al-Sahm against the revolutionary forces backfired when Hayyat Tahrir al-Sham defeated Erdoğan’s agents in a relatively bloodless confrontation between 19 and 23 July. As a result most of Idlib is now under the control of HTS. While these developments provoked many internal conflicts within both HTS as well as in Ahrar Al-Sahm, this recent military confrontation resulted in the significant strengthening of the former organization and weakening of the latter. (12)

 

11) While the defeat of the pro-Astana forces in Idlib is certainly a welcome development, it would be naïve to ignore the terrible dangers looming before the Syrian Revolution. First of all, there is the backward and sectarian policy of the HTS leadership itself, which repels many non-Sunnis as well as opponents of its strict religious agenda. However, a much more imminent danger is the unholy alliance of all the imperialist and regional forces – including Turkey – which are threatening to unite in order to conquer Idlib and to annihilate the liberation fighters. (13) This would probably mean the end of the Syrian Revolution. Given the ongoing battle against Daesh in the Raqqa region which currently occupies the imperialist forces, it is possible that the liberation fighters still have some time to prepare for the upcoming assault. But probably not very far in the future is the time when all reactionary opponents of the Syrian Revolution will unite to subjugate the whole of Syria to their reactionary Astana deal.

 

As we have stated in the past, it is now crucial to place massive pressure on the rebel leaderships not to support the Astana deal. In fact, all who are authentically true to the Syrian Revolution must demand that all negotiators claiming to represent Syrian rebel factions immediately cease their participation in the so-called “peace negotiations” at Astana and Geneva. Similarly, all forces that, in the interest of the Great Powers, are instigating armed provocations against rebel factions fighting against the Assad tyranny must be denounced.

 

The central task now is for all loyal supporters of the Syrian Revolution to call for the creation of an anti-capitulationist united front of all forces which unambiguously reject the Astana deal; which oppose the partition of the country by the Great Powers and their regional allies; and which support the continuation of the struggle against the Assad tyranny.

 

Any confidence in the existing leaderships of the rebel factions (including that of the HTS) is misplaced. The only way forward for the Syrian Revolution is to create popular councils and militias, under the control of the workers and poor peasants, which will fight for a workers’ and peasant republic. We repeat our call for an international workers’ and popular solidarity movement in support of the Syrian Revolution. Furthermore, we urge all authentic supporters of the liberation struggle to unite and found a revolutionary party in Syria and a global revolutionary international based on a program of permanent revolution.

 

 

 

Footnotes

 

(1) See on this in particular RCIT: Syria: Condemn the Reactionary Astana Deal! The so-called “De-Escalation Zones” are a First Step towards the Partition of Syria and a Conspiracy by the Great Powers to Defeat the Revolution, 7 May 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/astana-deal/; Michael Pröbsting: Is the Syrian Revolution at its End? Is Third Camp Abstentionism Justified? An essay on the organs of popular power in the liberated area of Syria, on the character of the different sectors of the Syrian rebels, and on the failure of those leftists who deserted the Syrian Revolution, 5 April 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/theory/syrian-revolution-not-dead/

 

(2) See on this e.g. Roy Gutman: America’s Favorite Syrian Militia Rules With an Iron Fist. The Kurdish YPG recruits fighters at gunpoint, assassinates political opponents, and suppresses the media, The Nation, 13.2.2017, https://www.thenation.com/article/americas-favorite-syrian-militia-rules-with-an-iron-fist/; Al Jazeera: US begins sending weapons to Kurdish YPG in Syria, 2017-05-31, http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/05/begins-sending-weapons-kurdish-ypg-syria-170531042959705.html; Tom Perry: Syrian militias get more U.S. support for IS fight, plan new phase, Reuters, Jan 31, 2017, http://www.reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-syria-arms-idUSKBN15F15S; Al Jazeera: Syrian Kurds say Russia to build base in Afrin. In agreement with Kurds, Russia to operate military base in Afrin and train YPG fighters in ‘anti-terror’ combat, 20 March 2017, http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/03/russia-strikes-deal-syrian-kurds-set-base-170320142545942.html; US Arab Spring policy? Third party counter-revolution, 3.3.2017, https://eternispring.wordpress.com/2017/03/03/us-arab-spring-policy-third-party-counter-revolution/?fb_action_ids=1414757321930172&fb_action_types=news.publishes; SDF attack on Marea is US policy – and Syria’s attempted end-game, 19.2.2017, https://eternispring.wordpress.com/2016/02/19/sdf-attack-on-marea-is-us-policy-and-syrias-attempted-end-game/; Brief thoughts: Syrians’ rejection of the so-called “Syrian Democratic Forces” sends a clear message to the US – We define our revolution, not you, 29.2.2017, https://eternispring.wordpress.com/2016/02/29/brief-thoughts-syrians-rejection-of-the-so-called-syrian-democratic-forces-sends-a-clear-message-to-the-us-we-define-our-revolution-not-you/; Kurdish YPG commander: We will go to Idlib after liberating Raqqa from ISIS”, http://syria.liveuamap.com/en/2017/29-march-kurdish-ypg-commander-we-will-go-to-idlib-after

 

(3) Reuters: Turkey’s publication of U.S. troop locations poses risk, Pentagon says, July 20, 2017, http://www.reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-syria-lebanon-idUSKBN1A608S, https://twitter.com/Acemal71/status/887393308506558465, https://twitter.com/ragipsoylu/status/887620922978512896

 

(4) Interfax: Russia’s Air and Space Forces delivered over 5,800 strikes in Syria in the past two months, 24 July 2017, http://www.interfax.ru/world/571855, https://twitter.com/XSovietNews/status/889472275505967104

 

(5) The full text of the Astana agreement can be viewed by visiting the following link: https://twitter.com/Charles_Lister/status/860208101714255877; see also https://twitter.com/Charles_Lister/status/860191046101323776; Al-Jazeera: Syria’s ‘de-escalation zones’ explained, 2017-05-06, http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/05/syria-de-escalation-zones-explained-170506050208636.html

 

(6) Greg Jaffe and Adam Entous: Trump ends covert CIA program to arm anti-Assad rebels in Syria, a move sought by Moscow, Washington Post, July 19 2017, https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/trump-ends-covert-cia-program-to-arm-anti-assad-rebels-in-syria-a-move-sought-by-moscow/2017/07/19/b6821a62-6beb-11e7-96ab-5f38140b38cc_story.html?pushid=596fab4ff1dad71d00000034&tid=notifi_push_breaking-news&utm_term=.58fbca7ff62e

 

(7) Ryan Browne: US tells local Syrian allies they must only fight ISIS and not Assad, prompting exit of allied group, CNN, July 26, 2017, http://edition.cnn.com/2017/07/26/politics/us-syrian-allies-isis-assad/index.html

 

(8) Gardiner Harris: U.S., Russia and Jordan Reach Deal for Cease-Fire in Part of Syria. New York Times, July 7, 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/07/07/us/politics/syria-ceasefire-agreement.html

 

(9) Syria truce crumbles as air raids hit Eastern Ghouta, 2017-07-23, http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/07/syria-ceasefire-eastern-ghouta-170723081809128.html; #FSA Military Council: “not consulted on deescalation & considers it one-side deal that regime will not comply with”, 22. Juli 2017, https://twitter.com/GIIMedia/status/888787845472813060

 

(10) See e.g. A new statement by HTS rejecting the Astana deal and claiming that certain factions are trying to help foreign forces get into the areas which were captured by the efforts of the honest “mujahideen” and that they will try stopping/preventing this, https://syria.liveuamap.com/en/2017/9-may-a-new-statement-by-hts-rejecting-the-astana-deal-and; Ahmad Abazeid: The Battle for Idlib, May 16, 2017, http://www.atlanticcouncil.org/blogs/syriasource/the-battle-for-idlib

 

(11) See on this e.g. Amberin Zaman: Turkish-YPG clashes rage around critical sites in northern Syria, July 17, 2017, http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2017/07/turkey-increases-ypg-attacks.html#ixzz4nBifuCvZ

 

(12) See on this e.g. Al Jazeera: Hayat Tahrir al-Sham take control of Syria’s Idlib, 2017-07-24, http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/07/hayat-tahrir-al-sham-control-syria-idlib-170723215932668.html; Suleiman Al-Khalidi: Jihadist group cements control of Syria’s Idlib province: rebels, Reuters, July 23, 2017, http://www.reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-syria-raqqa-idUSKBN1A80DE; Ahrar al-Sham carries out a new withdrawal at the border with Iskenderun and Hayyaat Tahrir al-Sham attack Ahrar al-Sham in one of their strongholds in Jisr Al-Shughur, 24/07/2017, http://www.syriahr.com/en/?p=70421; Violent Clashes In Idlib Between Ahrar al-Sham and Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham, 20.07.2017, https://maps.southfront.org/violent-clashes-in-idlib-between-ahrar-al-sham-and-hayat-tahrir-al-sham/ 19 Armed Groups Defected from Ahrar Al Sham During Tensions With Hayat Tahrir al-Sham, 23.07.2017, https://southfront.org/19-armed-groups-defected-from-ahrar-al-sham-during-tensions-with-hayat-tahrir-al-sham/; Nour e-Din a-Zinki defects from HTS, citing unwillingness to end rebel infighting, Jul. 20, 2017, http://syriadirect.org/news/nour-e-din-a-zinki-defects-from-hts-citing-unwillingness-to-end-rebel-infighting/; HTS vs Ahrar: Was it Allowed Islamically? OGN News, July 25, 2017, http://ogn.news/hv2/

 

(13) See on this e.g. Syria in Last 24 Hours: Ahrar Al-Sham Retreating from Idlib to Speed up Turkey’s Military Invasion of Syria, July 23, 2017, http://en.zdr.ir/News/syria-in-last-24-hours-ahrar-al-sham-retreating-from-idlib-to-speed-up-turkeys-military-invasion-of-syria/

 

* * * * *

 

For the RCIT’s analysis of the Arab Revolution in general and the Syrian Revolution in particular, we refer readers to our numerous articles and documents which can be accessed from the Africa and Middle East section of our website: https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/. In particular we refer readers to the following documents:

 

RCIT: Syria: Condemn the Reactionary Astana Deal! The so-called “De-Escalation Zones” are a First Step towards the Partition of Syria and a Conspiracy by the Great Powers to Defeat the Revolution, 7 May 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/astana-deal/

 

Michael Pröbsting: Is the Syrian Revolution at its End? Is Third Camp Abstentionism Justified? An essay on the organs of popular power in the liberated area of Syria, on the character of the different sectors of the Syrian rebels, and on the failure of those leftists who deserted the Syrian Revolution, 5 April 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/theory/syrian-revolution-not-dead/

 

Johannes Moraga: Syria: Was the Chemical Attack a “False Flag” Operation? Let’s make Syria the graveyard for Assad, Putin and Trump! Victory to the Revolution! 14 April 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/syria-false-flag/

 

RCIT: Syria: No to Trump’s Missiles Strike! Drive all Great Powers out of Syria! Victory to the Syrian Revolution! 7 April 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/us-air-strike-in-syria/

 

RKO BEFREIUNG: Press Conference on Assad’s Chemical Weapons Attack and the US Air Strike, Report (with video) on a press conference of the Syrian Community and the Austrian Section of the RCIT on 7 April 2017 in Vienna, https://www.thecommunists.net/rcit/press-conference-syria-7-4-2017/

 

Yossi Schwartz: Raqqa: Defeat the US Imperialist Offensive! An assessment of the US/SDF/YPG war against Daesh, April 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/us-offensive-in-raqqa/

 

RCIT: Down with the Assad Tyranny! Victory to the Syrian Revolution! For a Workers and Peasants Republic! Draft Platform of Syrian Revolutionaries in Political Solidarity with the RCIT, April 2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/draft-syria-platform/

 

RCIT: Defeat the Imperialist Invasion in Syria – Victory to the Revolution! Down with the American and Russian interventions! No to the imperialist plan to divide Syria! Down with the butcher Assad and his imperialist allies! 13.03.2017, https://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/imperialist-invasion-in-syria/

 

RCIT: World Perspectives 2017: The Struggle against the Reactionary Offensive in the Era of Trumpism, Theses on the World Situation, the Perspectives for Class Struggle and the Tasks of Revolutionaries, 18 December 2016, Chapter IV. The Middle East and the State of the Arab Revolution, https://www.thecommunists.net/theory/world-perspectives-2017/part-4/

 

RCIT: Revolution and Counterrevolution in the Arab World: An Acid Test for Revolutionaries, 31 May 2015, http://www.thecommunists.net/theory/theses-arab-revolution/

 

 

 

 

Map of US Military Bases in North Syria

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment