cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngWhen the Zionists and the Reactionary Right Wing Polish Government Fight, the Truth May Surface


by Yossi Schwartz, Internationalist Socialist League (RCIT Section in Israel / Occupied Palestine), 21.2.2018,




Last November 11, during Poland’s independence day celebration, around 60,000 right wingers marched in Warsaw with banners saying “Clear Blood,” and “White Europe”. By the end of the weekend, as AP reported, the official and unofficial events merged. The police arrested 45 counter-protesters.


Poland’s Foreign Ministry said the next Monday that the day had been “a great celebration of Poles, differing in their views, but united around the common values of freedom and loyalty to an independent homeland.” [1] Thus, in the eyes of the right wing Polish government racism and Islamophobia are part of the legitimate political spectrum.


An Israeli Foreign Ministry spokesman called the march dangerous, but no Zionist politician called to end the diplomatic relations with Poland or any other diplomatic punitive measures.


This weekend, Mateusz Morawiecki, Poland’s right wing prime minister, answering the question of Ronen Bergman, a Zionist reporter from Israel, who asked whether the new legislation amounted to the criminalization of discussion of Polish complicity in the crimes committed during the second world war, replied: “Of course not. It’s not going to be punishable, it’s not going to be seen as criminal to say that there were Polish perpetrators, as there were Jewish perpetrators, as there were Ukrainian; not only German perpetrators.”


This reply coming from a close friend of the Israeli state led to him being accused by Zionist politicians as a Holocaust denier who equate the Jews with the Nazis.


Strictly speaking, the comments of Mateusz Morawiecki were not a denial of the Holocaust, or an equation of the Jewish victims of the Holocaust to the Nazis who perpetrated genocide.


The Polish government said in a statement on Saturday night: “The words (…) should be interpreted as a sincere call for open discussion of crimes committed against Jews during the Holocaust, regardless of the nationality of those involved in each crime.” [2]


Polish and Zionist Collaborators


However, the last thing the Zionists want regarding the Holocaust is an open discussion. Such discussion, after all, would have to be inclusive of crimes committed against Jews during the Holocaust, regardless of the nationality of those involved in each crime. Much like the Polish right wing nationalists, the Zionists can handle only part of the truth. It is beyond doubt that there were Poles who collaborated in the mass killings of Jews and it is beyond a shadow of a doubt that there were Jewish policemen Kapos and many leading members of the Judenrat who helped the Nazi’s extermination of the Jews.


It is not easy to find out how many Poles joined the Nazis for ideological reasons. The Zionists argue that the Poles who served the Nazi did it because of ideological reasons, while the Jews who served the Nazis, did it to save their lives, their families and friends and they even say: “Who can blame them for trying to save their lives”?


It is very difficult to know how many Poles participated in the mass killing of Jews. In a 1970 article, pioneering Polish-Jewish historian Szymon Datner estimated that 200,000 Jews died at the hands of Poles during World War II. Attempting to flee the Germans’ cattle cars and camps, they found their deaths after being handed over to the authorities, informed upon while in hiding, or through murder by their Polish neighbors. Some of them might also cling to the claim that they were forced to act in such a way, since hiding or aiding fleeing Jews carried a death sentence at the hands of Nazi occupation.


From 1942 to 1945, according to Datner’s calculations, of the 250,000 Jews who attempted to escape the Germans in occupied Poland, only 10-16 percent survived. [3]


The Zionists would like to hide that there were Jews, mostly Zionists who collaborated with the Nazis. It is much easier to accuse only the pro Nazis Poles. Yair Lapid, head of Yesh Atid, a center right Israeli opposition party, demanded that Israel recalls its Polish ambassador. “The Jewish state will not allow the murdered to be blamed for their own murder,” he said, according to the Associated Press. “A comparison between the activities of Poles and the activities of Jews during the Holocaust is unfounded,” the Israeli government says.


The fact is that without the collaboration of Poles and Zionists with the Nazis it would be difficult for the Nazis to carry out the genocide of the Jews. The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum wrote that while some Judenrat (Jewish council under the Nazis) refused to help the Nazis and were killed or committed suicide, other Jewish council officials advocated compliance, believing that cooperation would ensure the survival of at least a portion of the population. In Lodz, Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski, who tried in vain to persuade the Nazis to reduce the number of Jewish deportees, urged ghetto residents to report for deportation as ordered. Rumkowski also adopted a policy of “rescue through labor,” believing that if the Germans could exploit Jewish labor, deportation might be averted.


Jewish council members held varied views on resistance. In Sosnowiec, Moshe Merin denounced the underground, believing that armed resistance would doom the entire ghetto. In Vilna, Jewish council chairman Jacob Gens decided to hand over underground leader Yitzhak Wittenberg, claiming that if the council did not turn Wittenberg in the Nazis would liquidate the ghetto. Jewish council opposition to resistance often prompted resentment within the underground, which sometimes accused the Jewish councils of collaboration with the Nazis (in Warsaw, the underground attacked the Jewish police). [4]


Jewish policemen in the ghetto


The Jewish Organization for the Maintenance of Public Order (German: Jüdischer Ordungsdienst; Polish: Żydowska Służba Porządkowa), was established under Nazi occupation in most East European ghettos. The establishment of a police force usually was connected with the creation of the ghettos, which excluded the Jewish population from general police jurisdiction and thus created a need for an alternative system of ensuring that the Jewish population complied with German occupiers’ orders.


The absence of a general German order regarding the establishment of the Jewish police indicates that in all probability, it was the various local occupying forces—and not the Central Reich Government—that took the initiative to set up this force. Indeed, the composition of the Jewish police in different ghettos, their jurisdictional powers, and their status within the Jewish community varied from ghetto to ghetto, according to local conditions.


A small ghetto could muster only a handful of individuals to join its police force, whereas the Warsaw ghetto police comprised more than 2,000 members. Some Jewish police units in some ghettos became independent of the Judenräte. The primary task of the Jewish police was to maintain public order and to enforce German orders transmitted by the Judenräte to the Jewish population. Jews joined it for social motives and out of a desire to help maintain order in the ghettos and assist Jewish autonomy.


They were part of the battle against those who disobeyed German orders, although the scope of their jurisdiction varied from place to place. Prisons were erected in the larger ghettos and detention rooms in the smaller ones; rarely were inmates transferred to the Germans. In most cases, ghetto police themselves carried out the punishment that ghetto courts imposed on the accused. Sometimes they even assisted in executing German-ordered death sentences.


Police were supposed to be paid by the Judenräte, but often their salary was insufficient and irregular. Thus, they were open to bribes, a situation that adversely affected moral standards. Understanding that the Jewish police served to enforce German policy, many left it; their places were taken mainly by people with no obligation to the Jewish population and by other doubtful elements.


After Jewish police began taking part in sending Jews to labor camps in 1940, Ghetto police personnel were generally exempt from labor service and were even empowered to release others from their labor obligations (in exchange for bribes). Guarding the ghetto walls also corrupted the police and placed them in confrontations with the local public. Often Jewish policemen worked with local police and even with German soldiers to control smuggling. Their close ties with the German and local authorities and the opportunity for kickbacks led many Jewish communities to identify them with the occupying forces.


The onset of deportations to killing centers in 1942 led to a new phase in the history of the Jewish police. The Germans generally ordered ghetto police forces to assist in deporting Jews and sometimes even in selection. In return, the Nazis assured them that they and their families would not be deported. Police officers who refused to obey the orders joined the deportees or were killed on the spot. In most instances, the police complied with German demands.


During this period, the status of the ghetto police hit an all-time low in Jewish eyes. At the end of the war, the role of Jewish police and their actions became a highly controversial issue among Holocaust survivors. Dozens of police officers were tried in Jewish honor courts for improper conduct. Some were expelled from the Jewish community while others were merely barred from holding public office. [5]


The British Library has a similar account: “The Jewish policemen in the ghettos were controversial figures. They were often given extra privileges such as uniforms, bicycles, food rations and contraband from smuggling operations. Many faced moral dilemmas when forced by Nazi officers to perform violent acts on fellow Jews. There is evidence that some Jewish policemen were killed on the way to the camps by their fellow Jews, as recompense for treachery.


Selected tasks of Jewish policemen: to guard the ghetto gates together with Nazi guards and their collaborators; to direct traffic in ghetto streets; to guard post offices, kitchens and community administration; to deter and suppress smugglers; to curb beggars in the ghetto; to assist in liquidations of the ghettos.” [6]


An unpleasant truth


As Tony Greenstein wrote: Everywhere the Nazis conquered, “the most important concentration measure prior to the formation of the ghettos was the establishment of Jewish councils (Judenräte).”[7] As Eichmann commented, “The assimilated Jew was, of course, very unhappy about being moved to a ghetto. But the orthodox were pleased with the arrangement, as were the Zionists.” [8] Some two-thirds of the Judenräte consisted of Zionist supporters. [9]


Thus the all truth is very unpleasant for the Polish nationalists and for the Zionists. For the Zionists who claim that they represent the Jews hiding the full truth is necessary in order to justify the oppression of the Palestinians. For the Polish right wing nationalist it is important to hide the full truth in order to attack the immigrants, the Muslims and the Jews who live in Poland while swearing loyalty to Israel.


We call upon all freedom loving, working class and oppressed people of the world to unite under slogans such as: Anti Semite, Islamophobe, racist and fascist scum out! Refugees and immigrants – welcome!


















[7] R. Hilberg, The destruction of European Jews, New York 1985, p.75


[8] L. Brenner, 51 documents, New Jersey 2002, p.274


[9] I. Trunk, Judenrat: the Jewish councils in eastern Europe under Nazi occupation, New York 1972




See on this subject also: Yossi Schwartz: The Origins of the Jews,




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cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngThe Zionist War on the African Migrants

By Max Bonham, Internationalist Socialist League (RCIT Section in Israel / Occupied Palestine), 11.03.2018,




  1. Israel has signed a secret treaty with a “third (i.e. not Sudan or Eritrea) African country” to extradite African refugees and migrants back to Africa while paying them 3500$ to leave. The new regulations allow imposing a jail sentence on any migrant refusing to leave Israel – as opposed to the “voluntary departure” policy before. Several migrants have already begun serving sentences and approximately 700 went on hunger strikes.


This is, as usual, hypocritical as Israel pushed for the UN Refugee Pact in the 50’s and in the 70’s it loudly protested the treatment of Jews in the Soviet Union. In fact, it may violate the UN pact itself, according to UN experts.


[…] Israel has a legal obligation to ensure that no arbitrary or collective expulsions occur in its territory. Any policy of deporting people that fails to provide for due process safeguards, case-by-case risk assessments, and adequate protection measures is in violation of international law and potentially exposes individuals to further human rights violations, including arbitrary detention, ill-treatment and torture,” [1]


According to deported refugees, one of these “third African countries” is Rwanda, something which its government denies:


“Israel has repeatedly declared that it has reached an arrangement with a third state that will protect the deportees and give them legal status and protection. It refuses to disclose the state or the agreement, even though it is known that the state is Rwanda. Rwanda denied Tuesday having signed such an agreement, and Olivier Nduhungirehe, a deputy foreign minister, tweeted Wednesday that his country’s “Open doors policy only applies to those who come to Rwanda voluntary, without any form of constraint.” Rwanda’s vehement denials are worrisome and make it even more crucial for Israel to publish the agreement, assuming it exists. Israel cannot ignore the denials and send people to a state that has said it will not accept them. In the face of the government’s unacceptable plans, the initiatives by ordinary citizens are a breath of hope. The wave of letters, petitions and demonstrations against deportation has been joined by pilots and crew members calling on airlines to refuse to fly asylum seekers against their will. Many have also undertaken to protect asylum seekers by taking them into their homes. Perhaps these efforts will lead Dery and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to stop this folly at the last minute.” [2]


The plan is set to go at full speed and include those who have applied for an asylum, a reversal of previous promises and possibly court decisions. [3]


Those migrants face daily harassment from the police and right-wing vigilantes. For example:


“At first the two were both charged with killing the asylum seeker, but due to the difficulty in proving which one of them had caused his death with his kicks, they were sent to arbitration. There it was agreed to sign a plea bargain and amend the indictment, changing the minor’s charge to causing bodily harm with grievous intent and mitigating Bershevitz’s penalty. Adham-Abdo’s family in Sudan and his brother in Israel were briefed on the plea bargain, but were not given its exact content. The family expressed dissatisfaction and disappointment with the killers’ punishment. “We know plea bargains are customary here, but my clients, the victims, feel they did not get their day in court to have their say, and they received no answers to their questions. They are left with an extremely unpleasant feeling, in addition to the tragedy that has befallen them,” said the family’s lawyer Shalom Zadok.” [4]


  1. So far, the Palestinian Joint List has rightly opposed the deportations, with statements opposing coming both from Hadash and Balad.


  1. Supporters of the Zionist left have also opposed it attending rallies and demonstrations, many of them driven by genuine anti-racist sentiments. However, the Zionist left leadership did not miss this chance to act opportunistically, as it only cares about Africans as a source of cheap labor and a cynical way to differentiate themselves from the Zionist right.


Around 20,000 Israelis gathered alongside African asylum seekers in Tel Aviv to protest against the Israeli government’s policy of deportations and imprisonment of the asylum seekers. The protest took place in south Tel Aviv, where most of the city’s asylum seekers live, and local residents have long complained about their presence there. Protesters carried signs reading, “No to deportation,” “We’re all humans” and “Refugees and residents refuse to be enemies.”” [5]


It is not difficult to notice the soft approach as none of the signs or slogans called for their inclusion as equal citizens with equal rights. To give another example, kibbutzim and restaurant owners (who employ refugees as a cheap, diminished rights and privileges, labor force) have sent letters opposing the deportations.


The weakness of the current left has driven the refugee leadership to adopt a pro-Zionist position, some are also looking to join the army, interviewing how proud are they to live in Israel, etc. This can lead down the road to suspicion of them from their obvious natural ally – the Palestinian liberation movement, as they can be viewed as an extension of Israeli rule.


The white settler elite tried to integrate the Indians in South Africa in a similar way. However, Israel has enough Jews for its needs and the hard-line nature of Zionist will make it very difficult to accept any integration of Black groups (look at the Ethiopian Jews- who are Jewish – for example), so it will lead the refugee leadership to look to the Palestinian when the time comes.


  1. This is why we challenge the ostancious “anti-racism” of the Zionist left leadership by adding a demand to unconditional citizenship to the migrants. In an attempt to expand the anti-racist opposition to the Zionist idea and movement, it is essential to tie this issue to the wider Arab revolution as well as Palestinian liberation. The divide and conquer tactics used by South African Apartheid must not come through unopposed under Zionist apartheid.


We demand:


* Stop the deportations and incarcerations!


* Unconditional and immediate citizenship to the African migrants as part of a free, red Palestine from the river to the sea!


* Imperialist Israel is just another of those responsible for the global refugee crisis! Stop the Israeli arming and training of African dictators and death squads!


















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cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngMatrix: The Just Liberation Wars and the Reactionary Wars of Powers in Syria




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cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngSyria: Assad’s Massacre in East Ghouta and the Western Hypercritics

By Michael Pröbsting, International Secretary of the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (RCIT), 23.02.2018,




In the last days the ongoing massacre in East Ghouta at the hands of the terrorist regime of Bashar al-Assad has received global attention. The dictator’s forces, supported by Iranian militias and Russian Air Force, have intensified the bombardment of about 400,000 Syrians who are besieged in the enclave at Damascus. At least 416 people have been killed in eastern Ghouta since Sunday night, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights war monitor, with more than 2,100 wounded. The people, besieged since years, are starving and many have resigned to certain death. Meanwhile, the Syrian regime forces continue to use chlorine gas to shell residential areas.


In a symbolic act, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) published a one-sentence press release on 20 February, saying, “No words will do justice to the children killed, their mothers, their fathers and their loved ones.” The rest of the statement was blank with a footnote at the bottom: “UNICEF is issuing this blank statement. We no longer have the words to describe children’s suffering and our outrage. Do those inflicting the suffering still have words to justify their barbaric acts?” (1)


It is obvious that the Assad tyranny is determined to annihilate this enclave – one of the last remaining pockets of resistance.


The unspeakable massacre in East Ghouta has provoked outrage among people around the world. Solidarity demonstrations are taking place in many countries. The Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (RCIT) and indeed all forces around the world supporting the struggle for freedom denounce this bloodbath in East Ghouta and stand in solidarity with the resistance of the Syrian people against the Assad tyranny and its imperialist masters.


In a case of extraordinary cynicism, Western politicians are trying to exploit this situation to advance their own interest. In press releases and in public meetings of the UN Security Council they cry crocodile tears about the people in East Ghouta. Nikki Haley, Trump’s hatchet woman to the UN, said: “It’s time to take immediate action in the hopes of saving the lives of the men, women, and children who are under attack by the barbaric Assad regime.” (2) The French foreign ministry said in a statement on 20 February that the massacre in East Ghouta “constitutes a grave violation of international humanitarian law.” UK’s Minister for the Middle East and North Africa Alistair Burt denounced “Assad regime’s brutal siege of Eastern Ghouta, coupled with escalating bombardment and reports of chemical weapons use, is causing unprecedented levels of suffering“. (3)


This is a prime example of hypocrisy! First, let us not forget: what Assad and Putin are doing now to the people in East Ghouta is not so much different from what the Americans did, with the help of their foot soldiers of the Kurdish Stalinist-nationalist YPG, some months ago in Raqqa. They even used the same label to justify these war crimes: “the war against terrorism”! When this unholy alliance of US imperialism and Öcalan bigots besieged and leveled the city in East Syria, no one of these politicians uttered a word of protest. Neither did the Stalinist and semi-Stalinist champions of fake anti-imperialism which are cheering the YPG – even now when it marches hand-in-hand with pro-Assad troops in Afrin! (4)


Secondly, the current massacre in East Ghouta is just the latest escalation of a drama which is going on since years! East Ghouta is under siege since 2013! Since years do the Assad army, the Iranian militias and the Russian Air Force kill the Syrian people in this enclave! Where have these politicians been in all these years?!


If the liberation fighters in East Ghouta and in the rest of Syria would have modern weapons – in particular effective anti-air craft weapons (Man-Portable Air Defense System or MANPADS in military language) – they could have stopped the lethal air force long time ago!


Why did the US or the EU not send such weapons to the Syrian liberation fighters? The reason is very clear and we have said so since years: the Western imperialists never had any real interest to support a successful defense – or even victory – of the rebels. They don’t like Assad because he is a puppet of Russian imperialism – a rival of the West in the global theatre of world politics. But they prefer his regime to any government resulting from a successful liberation war. (5)


As a result the Syrian people are more or less defenseless against the daily terror from the regime’s air force. Only in exceptional cases when the liberation fighters manage to organize a MANPAD through bribery or smuggling are they able to bring down one of these killer machines. A few weeks ago, the HTS fighters fortunately succeeded to shot down a Russian warplane. (6)


No, the truth is that the Syrian Revolution has no and never had a friend in the Western imperialist governments. They are jockeying with Russian imperialism for spheres of influence in Syria. This is why Western politicians sometimes pretend to support the Syrian people.


But the only real friend of the Syrian liberation struggle are those without money and power; those who are suffering from dictatorship and misery like the Syrians; those who are also rising up against the reactionary regime like the Palestinian people, the Iranian people, the Tunisian people and all the others laboring masses who strive for freedom!


No alliance with any Western or Eastern imperialist power, no alliance with Turkey’s Erdoğan, Saudi’s Crown Prince or any other bigmouth will help the Syrian workers and poor peasants fighting for liberation. Only a perspective of building an international alliance with the workers and oppressed in other countries on the basis of a socialist program and led by a revolutionary world party will show the way forward!


We repeat once more our urgent call to all supporters of the just liberation struggle of the Syrian people to double their efforts in order to build international solidarity.


The Revolutionary Communist International Tendency will continue its support for the liberation struggle of the Syrian workers and peasants. In this difficult hour when the Revolution is under attack from all sides – the Assad dictatorship, Russian as well as US imperialism, the Turkish and the Iranian regime – it is all the more important to maintain international solidarity with the struggle of the Syrian people!






(1) Reuters: U.N. issues blank statement on Syria, says it has run out of words, February 20, 2018


(2) Al-Jazeera: Haley: UN must end ‘barbaric’ attacks in Eastern Ghouta, 2018-02-22


(3) The New Arab: #SaveGhouta: World leaders react to Eastern Ghouta bombardment, 21 February, 2018


(4) On the current conflict in Afrin see the RCIT statement: Syria: No to Turkey’s Attack on Afrin! Defend the Syrian Revolution against Annihilation! The Syrian Revolution must reject sectarianism and strive to create multinational unity among Arabs, Turks and Kurds! Rally all forces against the Assadist-Iranian-Russian Aggression in Idlib! 22.01.2018,


(5) See on this e.g. Yossi Schwartz: The Myth of Assad’s Syria as an Anti-Imperialist Regime, November 2013,; Michael Pröbsting: US Administration: “Rebels fighting the Assad regime wouldn’t support American interests if they were to seize power”, 22.8.2013,


(6) Michael Pröbsting: Syrian Liberation Fighters Shot Down Russian Warplane – A Small Victory, 4 February 2018,




* * * * *


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cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngOccupied Palestine: Break PA Collaboration with Israel!


by Yossi Schwartz, Internationalist Socialist League (RCIT Section in Israel / Occupied Palestine), 20.2.2018,




Following Trump’s declaration that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel, many Palestinians hoped that the Palestinians Authority would cease all forms of collaboration with Israel, especially against Palestinians engaged in military actions against armed Zionist oppressors. The case of Jarrar has proven to many Palestinians that the PA continues to collaborate with Israel.


Ahmad Jarrar, a 22-year-old, who, according to Israel, killed an Israeli settler Raziel Shevah near a Jewish-only settlement near Nablus, in the West Bank, on January 9th, was killed by the Israeli military one week ago after he managed to escape them for almost a month. Raziel Shevah was not an innocent victim of terrorism, he was one of those right wing Zionists who actively steal Palestinian lands.


According to Al Jazeera a video posted on social media shows Azzam al-Ahmad, a senior member of Fatah, being expelled from the mourning tent for the Palestinians slain by the occupation forces. Israel claims that he was killed in act of self defense but it is more likely that he was killed like many other Palestinians – in cold blood.


The relatives accused al-Ahmad of complicity in Jarrar’s death, because of the ongoing “security coordination” of the Fatah-ruled Palestinian Authority with Israel.


Under the Oslo agreement, the PA is committed to sharing information with Israel about any armed resistance to the Israeli oppression. Such is the role of a Quisling – a collaborator within occupied lands, a term that originated in Norway during the German occupation in World War II.


The anger over the PA’s role in Jarrar’s death is part of the discontent among Palestinians over the PA role in collaboration with Israel. According to a December 2017 poll conducted by the Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, 70 percent of Palestinians want 82-year-old Abbas to resign.


An increasing number of Palestinians understand that Oslo agreement only allows Israel to steal more lands with the collaboration of the PA. Already one year ago a poll showed that 65% of Palestinians no longer believe the two-state solution is viable. “The more people think the two-state solution is no longer viable, the more likely it is that they will shift and support a one-state solution” explains Dr. Khalil Shikaki, Director of the Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research. [1]


As socialist revolutionaries who understand that only a workers revolution supported by the Fellahin and other oppressed groups and classes, will lead to the liberation of the Palestinians, we do not support nor glorify individual terrorist actions against oppression. Behind this position is the realization that in spite of what may be perceived as heroism and at times, real and spectacular demonstration of the human spirit, such actions do not lead to a socialist revolution and are exploited by the Zionists to steal more lands.


We are not pacifists and we do understand the power of the armed masses at a time of a revolution. In a different situation, Ahmad Jarrar would likely have been a dedicated socialist revolutionary. The only solution is one red democratic Palestine from the river to the sea to replace Zionist apartheid from the river to the sea.


Trotsky in his article: For Grynszpan (1939) explained our attitude today towards individual terrorism:


We Marxists consider the tactic of individual terror inexpedient in the tasks of the liberating struggle of the proletariat as well as oppressed nationalities. A single isolated hero cannot replace the masses. But we understand only too clearly the inevitability of such convulsive acts of despair and vengeance. All our emotions, all our sympathies are with the self-sacrificing avengers even though they have been unable to discover the correct road. Our sympathy becomes intensified because Grynszpan is not a political militant, but an inexperienced youth, almost a boy, whose only counselor was a feeling of indignation. To tear Grynszpan out of the hands of capitalist justice, which is capable of chopping off his head to further serve capitalist diplomacy, is the elementary, immediate task of the international working class!” [2]


Despite many perceived similarities, Israel is not a Fascist or Nazi state, but a settler-colonialist society. It is a modern equivalent of white colonialism in North America, Australia, etc. and is most similar, although not identical, to the South African apartheid state. However, the path of individual terrorism yields the same misfortune everywhere where oppressed people struggle for freedom.


The heroic struggle of the Palestinians can win against the military might of Israel as part of the victorious Arab revolution and the Iranian revolution. It is only a question of time, that must be used to build a revolutionary leadership. The way forward is a mass Intifada as part of the world revolutionary struggle of the exploited and the oppressed.








(2) Leon Trotsky: For Grynszpan. Against Fascist Pogrom Gangs and Stalinist Scoundrels (1939),




* * * * *




For the analysis of the RCIT and its comrades in Occupied Palestine of the Palestinian liberation struggle, we refer readers to our numerous articles and documents accessed from the Africa and Middle East section of our website: as well at In particular we refer readers to the following documents:


Jerusalem is the Capital of Palestine! Trump’s Recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s Capital “Will Open the Floodgates of Hell to the West”! Mobilize for a Popular Intifada – in Palestine, in the Arab and Muslim World, Globally! Joint Statement of the International Secretariat of the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (RCIT) and the Internationalist Socialist League (Israel / Occupied Palestine), 06.12.2017,


RCIT and ISL: Israel Starts Ground Offensive: Defend Gaza! Defeat Israel’s War! Support the Palestinian Resistance! For a Workers’ and Popular International Campaign to Boycott Israel! Down with the Regimes which Collaborate with Israel! For a Free, Red Palestine! 22.7.2014,


Yossi Schwartz: Israel’s War of 1948 and the Degeneration of the Fourth International, in: Revolutionary Communism, Special Issue on Palestine, No. 10, June 2013,


Yossi Schwartz: Israel’s Six-Day War of 1967. On the Character of the War, the Marxist Analysis and the Position of the Israeli Left, in: Revolutionary Communism No. 12, July/August 2013,


Summary of the Program of the Internationalist Socialist League, February 2014,


Michael Pröbsting: On some Questions of the Zionist Oppression and the Permanent Revolution in Palestine, in: Revolutionary Communism, Special Issue on Palestine, No. 10, June 2013,


Michael Pröbsting: World Perspectives 2018: A World Pregnant with Wars and Popular Uprisings. Theses on the World Situation, the Perspectives for Class Struggle and the Tasks of Revolutionaries, 10. February 2018, Chapter V. Middle East and North Africa: Reactionary Offensive, Wars and Popular Uprisings,


RCIT: Revolution and Counterrevolution in the Arab World: An Acid Test for Revolutionaries, 31 May 2015,




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cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngSyria: Turkey’s hidden war against HTS in Idlib


On the character of the military offensive of Nour al-Din al-Zenki and Ahrar al-Sham against Hayyat Tahrir al-Sham


By Michael Pröbsting, International Secretary of the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (RCIT), 25.02.2018,




The ongoing war in Syria is rightly in the centre of attention of the world public opinion. This is the case, first, because it is part of one the longest ongoing popular liberation struggles which started in March 2011. And, secondly, this is the case because it would be more accurate to speak about the ongoing wars, i.e. in plural, as there are currently several conflicts taking place in this war theatre. The imperialist Great Powers Russia and U.S. as well as regional powers like Iran and Turkey have launched military interventions in Syria both in order to defeat the popular liberation struggle as well as to expand their spheres of influence in the Middle East at the cost of their rivals. (1)


All of these powers, we remark as a side-note, are justifying their military interventions in Syria and their attacks against allies of their rivals by the notorious phrase of “war against terrorism”. This show, as we have warned many times since 2001, that the so-called “war against terrorism” is a hypercritical phrases of the ruling class to legitimize and cover-up their imperialist and reactionary goals. (2)


In the last days and weeks most public attention has focused on Assad’s merciless massacre against the 400,000 Syrians who are besieged in East Ghouta (3) as well as on Turkey’s invasion in Afrin. (4) However another important conflict, which has began on 20 February, has received hardly any attention. We are talking about the civil war in Idlib – the last significant area under control of the liberation forces where two million Syrians are living. This civil war has been started by two pro-Turkish rebel factions – Nour al-Din al-Zenki and Ahrar al-Sham (5) – against Hayyat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS). (6) It takes place admits the siege of the northern enclave by the Assadist army, Iranian militias and the ongoing bombardment of the Russian Air Forces.


For those, like us, who continue to support the Syrian Revolution, this conflict is of crucial importance and it necessary to have a correct assessment of its nature. Hence, we want to briefly elaborate the RCIT’s characterization of this conflict and which position revolutionaries should take.




Background: The Astana Deal aimed at Liquidating the Syrian Liberation Struggle




A correct understanding the nature of this civil war in Idlib can not start with looking at the specific ideologies of the combatants. As Marxists we do not judge political events or its participants by their ideologies. As Trotsky once formulated: “Neither classes nor parties can be judged by what they say about themselves or by the slogans they raise at a given moment.” (7)


Irrespective of different nuances, all parties are basically petty-bourgeois Islamist-nationalist forces in terms of their official ideology. However, as we have explained many times to all those “leftists” who are incapable of dialectical materialist thinking, different political and social roles can hide behind similar ideologies. (8) To give a few examples we refer to the civil war between the social democratic-led governments in Germany 1918/19 and the communist workers uprising when formally both sides adhered to Marxism; the conflicts between various bourgeois statesmen like Kenyatta or Mugabe and oppositional movements who all adhered to the ideology of Pan-Africanism; or conflicts between the Chinese regimes and leftist dissidents where both sides formally adhere to the ideas of Mao Zedong.


No, the concrete political character of different rebel factions has to be linked to the major political questions in the current conjuncture and the political powers with which they are allied. As we have explained in past documents, the imperialist Great Powers Russia and U.S. as well as regional powers like Iran and Turkey basically agree to bring the liberation struggle which started in 2011 to an end. (9)


Of course there are conflicts between the robbers who will get which share but they agree in their hostility to the ongoing popular revolutionary struggle. This is the meaning of the numerous negotiations in Astana, Sochi and Geneva and agreements reached between these powers. In these agreements the powers have reached consensus about the desire to end the civil war, to keep the Assad regime in power and to transform the remaining liberated areas, currently are under control of the rebels, in so-called “de-escalation zones” which will be directly or indirectly controlled by foreign powers. As part of this Astana deal, the powers have agreed to try incorporating “moderate” rebel factions and to liquidate the “extremists” (denounced as “Al-Qaida terrorists”). At this place, we will not analyze the Astana deal in detail as we have done this in past documents. (10)




Turkey and Russia Cooperate to Squeeze, Split and Smash HTS




The main force in incorporating and pacifying the “moderate” rebels is Turkey’s Erdoğan regime as it has traditionally links to several of them. It has systematically and relatively successful bought off a number of rebel factions. This is reflected in the participation of various FSA factions and other groups in Turkey’s invasion in Afrin. In fact, with several thousand fighters participating (some sources give numbers of up to 25.000), these factions are the main infantry force of the invasion and bear most of the losses. This is, as we have said from the beginning, a scandalous desertion of these FSA factions from the liberation struggle in Idlib in order to serve as foot soldiers for Erdoğan’s plan to suppress the Kurdish people in Afrin. (11)


Another expression of their willingness to capitulate to the Russian/US/Turkish/Iranian pressure is the fact that the leaderships of various factions (FSA, Ahrar al-Sham, etc.) have participated in the Astana negotiations. Furthermore, we saw in the past few months a significant decline of their participation in the struggles against the Assad forces and Daesh in the past months in Idlib.


In addition, there has been a series of assassinations. 45 people were killed in assassinations in Idlib only within 12 days from 2–13 February – the majority of them fighters and leaders of HTS! We can take it for granted that many of these assassinations have been organized by the Turkish secret service MİT and their treacherous lackeys among the “rebels”. Just a few days ago, as the prelude to the Zenki/Ahrar offensive against HTS, Zenki fighters killed Abu Ayman al-Masri, a top HTS commander and his wife when they were driving in a car. (12)


However, as we also pointed out in the last 12 months, there has been also a massive and growing opposition of the Syrian people against the Astana deal and against the liquidation of the liberation struggle. This is reflected in the fact that the most important force which is openly opposing the Astana deal and which rejects the liquidation of the liberation struggle – Hayyat Tahrir al-Sham – has massively gained in popular support and has become the hegemonic force in Idlib, despite the massive military and financial aid of Turkey for their rivals. (13)


While there has been an opportunist tendency of the al-Julani leadership to avoid open political attacks against Turkey, the HTS is now forced to openly denounce the Ankara’s capitulationist policy. It denounces the factions allied with Turkey as “Euphrates Shield Gangs”. (“Euphrates Shield” is the name Turkey gave to its large military operation in Northern Syria in 2016/17.) (14) In a recent public statement by Shaykh Abu Abdullah Shaami, HTS accuses Zenki of collaborating with the pro-American SDF militia and says: “Zinki (has) recently expanding its foreign relations to a dangerous extent, as they entered a new project with the Americans, in addition to their arrangement with other countries.” (15)


A key goal for HTS in the current struggle is to disable Zenki and other pro-Turkish factions to have a direct access from the Turkish “Olive Branch”-controlled areas in Afrin to the Idlib, i.e. HTS wants to keep a cordon around the Turkish army outposts in North Idlib and Western Aleppo to reduce its dangerous potential. (See the Map below)


However, the petty-bourgeois Islamist HTS movement is in a desperate situation. It is under constant attack by the Assadist army and its Iranian and Russian masters, by the counter-revolutionary Daesh forces (which collaborated repeatedly with Assad against HTS) (16) and it faces an assassination campaign by the Turkish-supported factions. And now, as the latest climax, the Zenki/Ahrar alliance has launched a military offensive in the back of the front.


Given these pressures, the disadvantageous relation of forces, and also because of the limitation of its petty-bourgeois Islamist outlook, the HTS leadership around Abu Mohammad al-Julani tries to avoid an open confrontation with the Turkish army. Until now it has limited itself to control its movements and to accompany their intruding military columns.


Turkey, in coordination with Russia, began the military invasion of Idlib in early October 2017, as we stated at that time. Against those who ignored the meaning of the Turkey’s army entry, we warned that it was aimed against those forces, like HTS, who rejected the Astana deal. We warned: “Now, the assassins of the Syrian Revolution – Assad, Putin, Rouhani, and Erdoğan, with the support of Trump – are all uniting now to smash the last free citadel of the Syrian people in Idlib.” (17)


In recent weeks the Turkish army has massively increased its pressure on HTS. Erdoğan himself is under strong pressure by Putin. In exchange for allowing the Turkish army to invade Afrin, Ankara promised to rapidly increase the number of their troops in Idlib so that they help to liquidate the liberations struggle. Turkey and Russia had agreed some time ago that the Turkish army will establish 12 outposts at the borders of the liberated areas in the north (encompassing most of Idlib, parts of Western Aleppo and Northern Hama). Each outpost is designed to accommodate one mechanized infantry company.


Following a phone conversation between Erdoğan and Putin on 31 January, Turkey intensified its efforts to set up these outposts. Until now six outposts are ready: in Salwa (north of Idlib), Tal-Tukan (the southern suburb of Idlib city), al-Ais (south of Aleppo), Qal’at Sama’an and Sheikh Aqeel (west of Aleppo), and al-Surman, near the strategic city of Maarat al-Numan. All in all, almost two Turkey mechanized brigades (nearly 1,400 troops) reinforced with tanks, engineer and construction units are already there, and more are expected. (18)


As part of its pacifying campaign, Turkey is trying now to organize various factions under its control so that it can bring Idlib under its control with their help. According to Charles Lister, the following factions in Idlib, Hama and Aleppo receive Turkey’s financial and military assistance: Ahrar al-Sham, Faylaq al-Sham, Jaish al-Nasr, Free Idlib Army, Jaish al-Nukhba, Jaish al-Ahrar, Jaish al-Izzeh, Nour al-Din al-Zinki, Jaish al-Thani, Liwa al-Arba’in, and al-Firqa al-Owla Mushat. (19)




Character of the pro-Turkish Zenki/Ahrar Offensive in Idlib




In summary, Turkey is intensifying its efforts to bring Idlib under control in coordination with imperialist Russia. It aims on one hand to expand its influence in Syria and on the other hand to liquidate the liberations struggle and to pacify the situation so that it can send back the millions of Syrian refugees. (According to Turkey’s Directorate General of Migration Management, the number of Syrian refugees in Turkey has reached 3,2 million at the end of September 2017.) (20)


This cooperation between Turkey and Russia aimed at the pacification of Idlib is no secret and publicly admitted by both sides. Russian state media openly claim that Turkey is dealing with the Syrian opposition. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan stated that Russia will provide security beyond Idlib while Turkey will take care of security matters in Idlib. (21)


This is the context in which the current offensive of Nour al-Din al-Zenki and Ahrar al-Sham, which are closely aligned with Turkey, against HTS takes place. STRATFOR, a renowned US think tank, made the following summary of the character of the civil war in Idlib from an imperialist point of view:


While Turkish military convoys are streaming into Idlib to set up posts for monitoring the de-escalation agreement, a battle is raging between the various rebel groups. The militants in Idlib have never been unified, and at this point they fall mostly into two camps: those who are more closely allied with the Turkish military and those who are more independent and extreme. The largest rebel group in the first camp is Jabhat Tahrir Souriya, which formed after Ahrar al-Sham and Nour al-Din al-Zinki merged. The largest rebel group in the second category, meanwhile, is Hayat Tahrir al-Sham, which was previously linked with al Qaeda. Buoyed by the expanded Turkish military presence, and likely encouraged by Ankara, Jabhat Tahrir Souriya and smaller groups have begun to assert more control over Idlib, driving Hayat Tahrir al-Sham out of several important locations. The trend indicates that Turkish troops and their affiliated rebel forces will strengthen their control of the area.” (22)


In other words: the character of the current civil war in Idlib is that Zenki/Ahrar act as allies of Turkey, as foot soldiers to implement Ankara’s plan to pacify the region and to smash HTS as the most important obstacle for this goal. They are executors of the counter-revolutionary Astana conspiracy which aims to liquidate the Syrian Revolution. HTS on the other side currently represents those forces which oppose the Astana deal and which stand for the continuation of the liberation struggle against the Assad tyranny and the imperialist occupation of the country, despite all its petty-bourgeois Islamist limitations.




Revolutionary tactic: Defeat the treacherous Zenki/Ahrar Offensive!




In such a conflict revolutionaries can not remain neutral. All those who reject the reactionary Astana conspiracy and who favor the continuation of the liberation struggle must defend HTS and its allies. Of course this does not include any political support for the program of HTS.


In past statements the RCIT has called for a united front of all anti-capitulationist liberation forces. By this we meant that all those factions – among which the HTS is the strongest one – which reject the counter-revolutionary Astana deal and which are determined to continue the struggle against the Assad tyranny should form a military bloc in order to defeat the attempts of Turkey and treacherous leadership factions among the rebels to liquidate the liberation struggle.


We are fully aware of the extraordinary difficult state of the Syrian Revolution. The enemy has nearly unlimited resources in terms of heavy weapons; the Syrian and Russian air force can wage one bombing campaign after the other without any serious challenge; Turkey is systematically pressuring the rebel forces to capitulate and has already bribed important sections of the rebel leaderships. In addition to military threats and attacks via its Syrian foot soldiers, Turkey also tries to break sections of HTS away. It can not be excluded that given its military inferiority and its petty-bourgeois nature, sections of the HTS leadership might capitulate in the future. However this has not been the case until now and HTS, as well as other militant factions like the Turkistan Islamic Party, have withstood the pressure and continue the liberation struggle. (23)


Despite all these dangers and difficulties, or rather because of them, it is urgent that the international workers’ movement and popular mass organizations defend the anti-capitulationist liberation forces which are continuing the struggle against the Assad regime and the Great Powers and their allies. This includes, but is not limited to, the defense of Idlib and the liberation forces deployed there (including HTS) against any assault of the US, Russian or Turkish armies or their local allies.


We repeat a conclusion which the RCIT stated in a past statement: “Let’s be clear: Without a defense of the limited achievements of the Syrian Revolution – like the liberation of Idlib – there can be no future for the liberation struggle! The RCIT calls upon Syrian revolutionaries to unite the defense of Idlib with a socialist perspective – the organization of the popular masses in independent councils and armed militias fighting for a consistent democratic and socialist program.” (24)








(1) The RCIT has covered the Syrian Revolution and the intervention of foreign powers in numerous documents and articles which can be viewed in a special section of our website Our latest comprehensive analysis can be read in the recently published book by Michael Pröbsting: World Perspectives 2018: A World Pregnant with Wars and Popular Uprisings. Theses on the World Situation, the Perspectives for Class Struggle and the Tasks of Revolutionaries, Chapter V. Middle East and North Africa

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cropped-supporters_of_britain_red_liberation.pngCarillion and the Crisis of British Capitalism

By Joseph Adams, RCIT Britain, 23.1.2018,




Carillion, the second biggest construction company, went into voluntary liquidation on 16th January 2018 with debts of over 2.2 billion pounds. It has over 800 million in pension liabilities alone.


Carillion was part of the major infrastructure in Britain. It was involved in over 450 public sector contracts. Since the major privatisation under successive Labour and Tory governments it was heavily involved in the public sector. Its involvement included work on prisons, schools, hospitals libraries and road building. It employed over 20,000 workers in Britain and 23,000 abroad with contracts in Canada and the Middle East. The collapse of Carillion is a blow for Britain’s ruling class as well as its interests abroad.


The Guardian reported: “Carillion, which managed hundreds of public sector projects and vital public services, collapsed into liquidation after last-ditch rescue talks failed, with a team from accountancy firm PwC drafted in to help manage the process. Carillion relies on major contracts, some of which have proved much less lucrative than it thought. Earlier this year it slashed the value of them by £845m, of which £375m related to major public-private partnerships (PPPs) such as Royal Liverpool University hospital. As its contracts underperformed, its debts soared to £900m. The company needed a £300m cash injection, but the banks that lent it money refused to put more in.” (The Guardian: Fears fallout from Carillion collapse will spread to other companies, 15 January 2018)


The development of PFI (Public Finance Initiative) started by the Blair Governments of 1997 and 2005 and continued by their Tory successors meant that the Public sector once in the state’s hands reverted to private companies like Carillion. The stench of corruption has shown that many of these private companies by speculation and the destruction of basic social assets like hospitals and schools were used by hedge fund speculators to destroy what was left of these assets. It has been reported that thousands of pounds of bonuses have been paid secretly to directors of the company with massive pay outs. Meanwhile thousands of workers face dismissal and the sack while the bosses continue to make money out of a major asset.


The inherent crisis of British capitalism is for all to see. Behind this lies, as Marx already foresaw, the tendency of the rate of profit to fall. Capitalism is in deep crisis and it requires a revolutionary solution to the problem.


The RCIT in Britain puts forward the following transitional demands to unite the working class in a struggle against social inequality and the stench of corruption that surrounds the bosses in Carillion.


* Cancel all debts and cancel all PFI contracts!


* Nationalise all social assets currently under private hands (including Carillion), which have been privatised and outsourced to private companies without compensation and under workers control.


* For a Sliding scale of wages!


* Call on the leaders of Unite, the GMB and PCS in Carillion to organize strikes and occupations where dismissals or redundancies are threatened against the workforce!


* People assemblies to be built in every area to organise and support any form of strikes or occupations that take place!


* Call on Jeremy Corbyn and the TUC to organise and lead an indefinite general strike to bring down this weak and discredited May Tory government.


* For a Workers Government.




We call on anyone who supports our programme to join the RCIT in BRITAIN as the first step in building a Revolutionary Party as part of the Fifth International World party of the Socialist Revolution




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